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BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of carotid artery angioplasty and carotid artery stenting (CAS) on cerebral blood flow (CBF) and cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR) in patients with preoperative cerebrovascular hemodynamic impairment. MATERIAL AND METHODS Seventeen patients with unilateral severe internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis and ipsilateral CVR impairment underwent CAS. CBF and CVR were measured by single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with inhalation of carbon dioxide (CO2) one week before and three months after CAS. Sixty-eight ROIs in the middle cerebral artery (MCA) territory were analyzed in 17 patients. RESULTS Before CAS, CVR was impaired in all ROIs. CBF was impaired in 16 ROIs (23.5%). The percentage of ROIs with impaired CBF was significantly increased in patients with ≥90% carotid artery stenosis (p=0.047) without collateral flow through the circle of Willis (p=0.005). CAS significantly increased CVR in ROIs with a normal preoperative CBF and impaired CVR, indicating mild hemodynamic impairment (0.9±6.7% vs. 4.9±8.6%) (p=0.014). CAS significantly increased CBF in ROIs with preoperative impaired CBF and impaired CVR, indicating severe hemodynamic impairment (79.1±7.5% vs. 86.7±10.0%) (p<0.001). Following CAS, ROIs with normal CBF and impaired CVR had a significantly increased percentage of improved CVR (p=0.047); ROIs with impaired CBF and impaired CVR had a significantly increased percentage of improved CBF (p=0.027). CONCLUSIONS The severity of preoperative hemodynamic impairment, which is related to the degree of carotid artery stenosis and cerebral collateral flow, may influence hemodynamic benefits by CAS.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Medical science monitor : international medical journal of experimental and clinical research
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Artery formed by the bifurcation of the internal carotid artery (CAROTID ARTERY, INTERNAL). Branches of the anterior cerebral artery supply the CAUDATE NUCLEUS; INTERNAL CAPSULE; PUTAMEN; SEPTAL NUCLEI; GYRUS CINGULI; and surfaces of the FRONTAL LOBE and PARIETAL LOBE.
A polygonal anastomosis at the base of the brain formed by the internal carotid (CAROTID ARTERY, INTERNAL), proximal parts of the anterior, middle, and posterior cerebral arteries (ANTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY; MIDDLE CEREBRAL ARTERY; POSTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY), the anterior communicating artery and the posterior communicating arteries.
Damages to the CAROTID ARTERIES caused either by blunt force or penetrating trauma, such as CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; THORACIC INJURIES; and NECK INJURIES. Damaged carotid arteries can lead to CAROTID ARTERY THROMBOSIS; CAROTID-CAVERNOUS SINUS FISTULA; pseudoaneurysm formation; and INTERNAL CAROTID ARTERY DISSECTION. (From Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1997, 18:251; J Trauma 1994, 37:473)
Blood clot formation in any part of the CAROTID ARTERIES. This may produce CAROTID STENOSIS or occlusion of the vessel, leading to TRANSIENT ISCHEMIC ATTACK; CEREBRAL INFARCTION; or AMAUROSIS FUGAX.
Pathological conditions involving the CAROTID ARTERIES, including the common, internal, and external carotid arteries. ATHEROSCLEROSIS and TRAUMA are relatively frequent causes of carotid artery pathology.
Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
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