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Ondansetron, a potent and highly sensitive 5-hydroxytryptamine type 3 (5-HT3) receptor antagonist, has been used for the treatment of chemotherapy- and radiotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. The isolation and identification of ondansetron metabolites were investigated in our research. The feces and bile samples collected after oral administration of ondansetron were extracted and then isolated by semi-preparative HPLC. Then the pretreated samples were characterized by LC/MS and NMR. In rats feces, a total of four metabolites were isolated and elucidated including 7-hydroxyl-ondansetron (M1), 8-hydroxyl-ondansetron (M2), 7-hydroxyl-N-desmethyl-ondansetron (M3), and 8-hydroxyl-N-desmethyl-ondansetron (M4). In addition, a kind of metabolite of phase II isolated in rats bile was characterized as N-desmethyl-ondansetron-7-O-β-D-glucuronide (M5). To our knowledge, three metabolites were reported for the first time. LC/MS and NMR-based approach was proved to be useful for full structure elucidation of unknown metabolites. The systematic metabolites isolation and elucidation provided metabolite reference standards for metabolites detection of ondansetron.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences
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The systematic identification and quantitation of all the metabolic products of a cell, tissue, organ, or organism under varying conditions. The METABOLOME of a cell or organism is a dynamic collection of metabolites which represent its net response to current conditions.
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Machine readable patient or equipment identification device using radio frequency from 125 kHz to 5.8 Ghz.
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Identification of genetic carriers for a given trait.
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