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Behavioral weight loss interventions are often delivered in groups. Group cohesion may enhance program attendance and, thereby, weight loss. In this secondary analysis, our goals were to: (1a) assess whether group cohesion measured early in a behavioral weight loss intervention predicts program attendance and weight loss outcomes and, if so, (1b) explore whether attendance mediates the link between group cohesion and weight loss; (2) characterize the association between change in group cohesion and weight loss throughout the intervention. Veterans (n = 324) initiated a 16-week, group-based behavioral weight loss program involving biweekly in-person group visits. In linear regression models, early group cohesion was unrelated to group attendance or weight loss. Although group cohesion significantly increased during the intervention, this change was not associated with weight loss. These findings are consistent with the limited literature; however, they are inconsistent with theoretical assertions and clinical observations of the influence of group factors on outcomes.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of behavioral medicine
Behavioral weight loss (WL) trials show that, on average, participants regain lost weight unless provided long-term, intensive-and thus costly-intervention. Optimization solutions have shown mixed suc...
The Swedish Obese Subjects (SOS) study was designed to compare outcomes in patients with obesity treated by bariatric surgery and a matched control group given usual care. The aim of this study was to...
The effect of weight loss on psychological stress is unknown. The study aimed to investigate the effect of diet-induced weight loss in overweight and obese adults on psychological measures of stress t...
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This clinical trial examines whether the addition of individual sessions of a motivational intervention to a state-of-the art behavioral group weight loss intervention for overweight women...
The informal or formal organization of a group of people based on a network of personal relationships which is influenced by the size and composition, etc., of the group.
Heterogeneous group of neurodegenerative disorders characterized by frontal and temporal lobe atrophy associated with neuronal loss, gliosis, and dementia. Patients exhibit progressive changes in social, behavioral, and/or language function. Multiple subtypes or forms are recognized based on presence or absence of TAU PROTEIN inclusions. FTLD includes three clinical syndromes: FRONTOTEMPORAL DEMENTIA, semantic dementia, and PRIMARY PROGRESSIVE NONFLUENT APHASIA.
Transferases are enzymes transferring a group, for example, the methyl group or a glycosyl group, from one compound (generally regarded as donor) to another compound (generally regarded as acceptor). The classification is based on the scheme "donor:acceptor group transferase". (Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 2.
A secreted phospholipase A2 subtype that contains a interfacial-binding region with specificity for PHOSPHATIDYLCHOLINE. This enzyme group may play a role in eliciting ARACHIDONIC ACID release from intact cellular membranes and from LOW DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS. Members of this group bind specifically to PHOSPHOLIPASE A2 RECEPTORS.
The process by which an aspect of self image is developed based on in-group preference or ethnocentrism and a perception of belonging to a social or cultural group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)