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In popular lay discourse, objections to human biological enhancement technologies are sometimes expressed in terms of the charge that they are unnatural. This paper critiques the literal claim that seems to be presented here, namely that such technologies are in some ordinary sense 'unnatural' and that it follows from this they are immoral. Such a conceptual 'nature argument' is unsound. However, the paper contends that this does not mean that the charge of unnaturalness should be dismissed out of hand. Rather, the charge of unnaturalness made by a non-philosophically trained public can be construed as expressive of a general attitude of conservative concern about enhancement technologies. Viewed in this way, the charge invites philosophers to take seriously the underlying empirical concerns that underpin these widespread lay reactions.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of medical ethics
Novel beings-intelligent, conscious life-forms sapient in the same way or greater than are human beings-are no longer the preserve of science fiction. Through technologies such as artificial general i...
There is recent empirical evidence that personal identity is constituted by one's moral traits. If true, this poses a problem for those who advocate for moral enhancement, or the manipulation of a per...
John Harris recently argued that the moral bioenhancement proposed by Persson and Savulescu can damage moral agency by depriving recipients of their freedom to fall (freedom to make wrongful choices) ...
Electroadhesion generates an adhesion force using an externally applied power source, which has versatile applications in robotics and material handling. In this study, a self-powered electroadhesion ...
In this article, I argue that as we learn more about how we might intervene in the brain in ways that impact human behavior, the scope of what counts as "moral behavior" becomes smaller and smaller be...
RATIONALE: Biological therapy using a gene-modified virus that can make interleukin-12 may help the body build an effective immune response to kill tumor cells. PURPOSE: This phase I tria...
Being at or above the 50th percentile body mass index (BMI) for age and gender in children with cystic fibrosis (CF) is associated with better lung functioning as measured by FEV1, yet die...
The purpose of this research is to develop tools to help people who are paralyzed. These tools are called brain computer interfaces (BCIs). BCIs would let a person use brain signals to o...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether two different central air purification technologies reduce air pollutant exposure and beneficially influence health as evaluated with a sui...
The purpose of this research is to develop tools to help people who are paralyzed. These tools are called brain-computer interfaces (BCIs). BCIs would let a person use brain signals to o...
An atom or group of atoms that have a positive or negative electric charge due to a gain (negative charge) or loss (positive charge) of one or more electrons. Atoms with a positive charge are known as CATIONS; those with a negative charge are ANIONS.
The enhancement of physical, cognitive, emotional and social skills so an individual may participate in chosen activities. Recreational modalities are used in designed intervention strategies, incorporating individual's interests to make the therapy process meaningful and relevant.
A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories applicable to MOLECULAR BIOLOGY and areas of computer-based techniques for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.
Biological activities and function of the whole organism in human, animal, microorgansims, and plants, and of the biosphere.
Biological processes, properties, and characteristics of the whole organism in human, animal, microorganisms, and plants, and of the biosphere.
Biological therapy involves the use of living organisms, substances derived from living organisms, or laboratory-produced versions of such substances to treat disease. Some biological therapies for cancer use vaccines or bacteria to stimulate the body&rs...