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A decrease of swallowing muscle strength causes dysphagia, and a relationship between swallowing muscle strength and appendicular muscle mass has been reported. Moreover, the effect of trunk retention function on swallowing function has been clinically recognized. However, the relationship between trunk muscle mass and swallowing muscle strength is unclear. We aimed to clarify the association between these variables in elderly individuals.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Archives of gerontology and geriatrics
This study investigated the effects of a single exercise session using a device developed for postural muscle training on the function of postural muscles in healthy, pain free individuals. During sta...
The effects of casein non-phosphopeptide (CNPP) on the muscle development of healthy rats and selected blood hormones levels were investigated. CT technology and the ELISA kit were employed to detect ...
Loss of muscle size and strength with aging are a major cause of morbidity. Whilst, muscle size and strength are measured by imaging or fiber cross-sectional staining and exercise testing respectively...
NFB is a transcription factor that controls immune and inflammatory signaling pathways. In skeletal muscle, NFB has been implicated in the regulation of metabolic processes and tissue mass; yet,...
Despite the reported benefits of postures involving leaning the trunk forward with arm support for relieving dyspnea, how those postures influence the mechanics of breathing remains unclear. In respon...
The diaphragm forms the upper segment of the core structure. At the same time, the diaphragm muscle acts as the first muscle in the inspiratory function. The aim of this study was to inves...
The research questions are if persons with low back pain (LBP) have lower trunk muscle strength, lower trunk muscle strength endurance and lower trunk muscle activity than healthy controls...
Mental imagery is effective for improving motor skills as well as increasing muscles strength and size. Strength is also maintained after immobilization of a muscles when engaging in image...
The prevalence of dysphagia may be as high as 22% in individuals over 50 years of age. There are few therapeutic options offered to these individuals. One more recent therapeutic option is...
In this research project, effects of two sports specific types of fatiguing protocols on trunk muscles and specific trunk stability indicators will be studied. In general, sports activitie...
A powerful flexor of the thigh at the hip joint (psoas major) and a weak flexor of the trunk and lumbar spinal column (psoas minor). Psoas is derived from the Greek "psoa", the plural meaning "muscles of the loin". It is a common site of infection manifesting as abscess (PSOAS ABSCESS). The psoas muscles and their fibers are also used frequently in experiments in muscle physiology.
Progressive decline in muscle mass due to aging which results in decreased functional capacity of muscles.
Diseases characterized by inflammation involving multiple muscles. This may occur as an acute or chronic condition associated with medication toxicity (DRUG TOXICITY); CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASES; infections; malignant NEOPLASMS; and other disorders. The term polymyositis is frequently used to refer to a specific clinical entity characterized by subacute or slowly progressing symmetrical weakness primarily affecting the proximal limb and trunk muscles. The illness may occur at any age, but is most frequent in the fourth to sixth decade of life. Weakness of pharyngeal and laryngeal muscles, interstitial lung disease, and inflammation of the myocardium may also occur. Muscle biopsy reveals widespread destruction of segments of muscle fibers and an inflammatory cellular response. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1404-9)
The muscles of the PHARYNX are voluntary muscles arranged in two layers. The external circular layer consists of three constrictors (superior, middle, and inferior). The internal longitudinal layer consists of the palatopharyngeus, the salpingopharyngeus, and the stylopharyngeus. During swallowing, the outer layer constricts the pharyngeal wall and the inner layer elevates pharynx and LARYNX.
A group of muscles attached to the SOFT PALATE (or velum) and the PHARYNX. They include the superior constrictor, the PALATOPHARYNGEUS, the levator veli palatini muscle, and the muscularis uvulae. This sphincter is situated between the oral and nasal cavities. A competent velopharyngeal sphincter is essential for normal speech and swallowing.
Arthritis Fibromyalgia Gout Lupus Rheumatic Rheumatology is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and management of disease involving joints, tendons, muscles, ligaments and associated structures (Oxford Medical Diction...