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Experimental manipulations intended to alter cognitive appraisals of smoking-related threats may affect cigarette smoking and motivation to quit. However, no previous measure has directly assessed perceptions of smoking-related threats as increasing and coming closer in space and/or time (i.e., "looming"). The current research develops such a measure of dynamic smoking-related threat appraisal: the Cigarette Smoking Consequences Looming Scale (CSCLS).
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Name: Addictive behaviors
Fixating on the present moment rather than considering future consequences of behavior is considered to be a hallmark of drug addiction. As an example, cigarette smokers devalue delayed consequences t...
Cigarette smoking remains to be a serious public health problem. The environmental and genetic factors both play critical roles in the process of cigarette smoking. We sought to investigate the associ...
Cigarette smokers show greater delay discounting (devaluation of delayed consequences) than non-smokers, suggesting that rapid devaluation of the future contributes to tobacco use through a mechanism ...
Evidence on the association between cigarette smoking and incident depression from the South African National Income Dynamics Study 2008-2014: mental health implications for a resource-limited setting.
As a leading global disease risk factor, cigarette smoking has declined in some developed countries, but its health consequences are not well established in sub-Saharan Africa. This is particularly ev...
Cigarette smoking has been shown to be associated with changes in coagulation factors in the circulation and the subsequent thrombosis development. In this study, the impact of waterpipe smoking on th...
Almost one-fifth of US adults are current cigarette smokers. To make further progress in lowering prevalence, it would help to increase the proportion of smokers attempting to quit. This...
This proposed 2-year questionnaire study examines views and attitudes regarding health risks of cigarette smoking, smoking patterns and motivators for cessation in smokers who suffer from ...
This study will compare nicotine delivery and smoking behaviour in healthy subjects using several combustible cigarette prototypes containing different ingredients which are commonly used ...
Electronic cigarette is proposed as a bridge to smoking cessation. In this study we examine its effects on aortic elasticity, glycocalyx integrity, and exhaled carbon monoxide (CO) concent...
Since decades, literature has shown that smoking has negative effect on postoperative outcome. Recent systematic review and meta-analysis on clinical impact of smoking and smoking cessatio...
The SMOKING of CIGARETTES.
Electronic devices that are designed to provide NICOTINE in the form of an inhaled aerosol. They typically are made in the shape of CIGARETTES in order to simulate the experience of CIGARETTE SMOKING.
A decrease in the incidence and frequency of SMOKING. Smoking reduction differs from SMOKING CESSATION in that the smoker continues to smoke albeit at a lesser frequency without quitting.
Tests designed to assess language behavior and abilities. They include tests of vocabulary, comprehension, grammar and functional use of language, e.g., Development Sentence Scoring, Receptive-Expressive Emergent Language Scale, Parsons Language Sample, Utah Test of Language Development, Michigan Language Inventory and Verbal Language Development Scale, Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities, Northwestern Syntax Screening Test, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Ammons Full-Range Picture Vocabulary Test, and Assessment of Children's Language Comprehension.
Pipes for smoking tobacco, cannabis, and other substances, in which smoke is drawn through water. Do not confuse with SMOKING PIPES.