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Pregabalin is a Schedule V controlled substance which is defined as the (S) enantiomer of 3-(aminomethyl)-5-methylhexanoic acid. It is used legitimately to treat neuropathy in patients with diabetes as well as for epilepsy and fibromyalgia. Pregabalin is an amino acid and an amphoteric compound, which makes it difficult to analyze using the conventional GC-MS instrumentation found in most forensic drug analysis laboratories. Problems associated with the traditional GC-MS analysis of pregabalin include selective solubility, ring closure to the corresponding lactam in the GC injection port and/or the MS transfer line and difficulty with chiral derivatization due to the presence of a carboxylic acid moiety. Here, we show that these challenges can be overcome by methylating (capping) the carboxylic acid portion of the pregabalin molecule and converting to the corresponding methyl ester. Once the methyl ester is synthesized, chiral derivatization at the amine can be achieved to identify the controlled (S) enantiomer of pregabalin via GC-MS.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of forensic sciences
New chiral high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method for the enantiomeric resolution of quinolones is developed and described. The column used was Chirobiotic T (150 × 4.6 mm, 5.0 μm)...
Supramolecular ordering and orientation of chromophores are tremendously accomplished in the photosynthetic light harvesting complexes, which are crucial for long-range transfer of collected solar ene...
Prothioconazole is a type of broad-spectrum triazole thione fungicide developed by the Bayer Company. Prothioconazole-desthio is the main metabolite of prothioconazole in the environment. In our study...
L-pidolic acid is being used as a coformer for ertugliflozin, a sodium-glucose cotransport 2 inhibitor. A sensitive and rapid two-step achiral derivatization combined with gas chromatography with flam...
We optically trap freestanding single metallic chiral nanoparticles using a standing-wave optical tweezer. We also incorporate within the trap a polarimetric setup that allows us to perform in situ c...
This study, will compare pregabalin with placebo for the duration of 14 weeks to evaluate the efficacy and safety of pregabalin in patients with fibromyalgia.
Pregabalin is an alpha-2 delta ligand approved for the treatment of neuropathic pain, however, not all patients will respond to this drug. This study will compare the efficacy of pregabali...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate efficacy and safety of pregabalin in the treatment of postherpetic neuralgia in a dose-ranging manner.
This study is a Phase 1, randomized, open label, single dose, 6 treatment, 6 period, 6 sequence study in healthy adult volunteers. A total of 24 (4 in each treatment sequence) healthy male...
The main purpose of this study is to evaluate the long-term safety of pregabalin in adolescent patients who participated in the previous fibromyalgia study (A0081180) and who wish to recie...
Polymers of N-SUBSTITUTED GLYCINES containing chiral centers at the a-position of their side chains. These oligomers lack HYDROGEN BONDING donors, preventing formation of the usual intrachain hydrogen bonds but can form helices driven by the steric influence of chiral side chains.
Addition of methyl groups. In histo-chemistry methylation is used to esterify carboxyl groups and remove sulfate groups by treating tissue sections with hot methanol in the presence of hydrochloric acid. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
A gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) derivative that functions as a CALCIUM CHANNEL BLOCKER and is used as an ANTICONVULSANT as well as an ANTI-ANXIETY AGENT. It is also used as an ANALGESIC in the treatment of NEUROPATHIC PAIN and FIBROMYALGIA.
Enzymes that catalyze the epimerization of chiral centers within carbohydrates or their derivatives. EC 5.1.3.
A DNA (cytosine-5-)-methyltransferase that contains a central CxxC type zinc finger motif. It binds poly(ADP)-ribose and its expression is regulated by POLY (ADP-RIBOSE) POLYMERASE-1. DNMT1 methylates CpG residues, with a preference for hemimethylated DNA, and associates with DNA replication sites in S PHASE to maintain the methylation pattern in the newly synthesized strand, which is essential for EPIGENETIC PROCESSES. It also associates with CHROMATIN during G2 PHASE and MITOSIS to maintain DNA methylation independently of replication. It is responsible for maintaining methylation patterns established in development; mutations in the DNMT1 gene are associated with HEREDITARY SENSORY NEUROPATHY TYPE 1 class E.
Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
Alzheimer's Disease Anesthesia Anxiety Disorders Autism Bipolar Disorders Dementia Epilepsy Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Neurology Pain Parkinson's Disease Sleep Disorders Neurology is the branch of me...
FMS (fibromyalgia syndrome) is a widespread idiopathic musculoskeletal pain and fatigue disorder, which is chronic. The pain comes from connective tissues, such as muscles, tendons, and ligaments, but not joints and patients describe it as an ache all ov...