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Realization of a Valley Superlattice.

08:00 EDT 20th July 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Realization of a Valley Superlattice."

In a number of widely studied materials, such as Si, AlAs, Bi, graphene, MoS_{2}, and many transition metal dichalcogenide monolayers, electrons acquire an additional, spinlike degree of freedom at the degenerate conduction band minima, also known as "valleys." External symmetry-breaking fields such as mechanical strain, or electric or magnetic fields, can tune the valley polarization of these materials, making them suitable candidates for "valleytronics." Here we study a quantum well of AlAs, where the two-dimensional electrons reside in two energetically degenerate valleys. By fabricating a strain-inducing grating on the sample surface, we engineer a spatial modulation of the electron population in different valleys, i.e., a "valley superlattice" in the quantum well plane. Our results establish a novel manipulation technique of the valley degree of freedom, paving the way to realizing a valley-selective layered structure in multivalley materials, with potential application in valleytronics.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Physical review letters
ISSN: 1079-7114
Pages: 036802

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