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The diffusive paradigm for the transport of Galactic cosmic rays is central to our understanding of the origin of these high energy particles. However, it is worth recalling that the normalization, energy dependence, and spatial extent of the diffusion coefficient in the interstellar medium are fitted to the data and typically are not derived from more basic principles. Here, we discuss a scenario in which the diffusion properties of cosmic rays are derived from a combination of wave self-generation and advection from the Galactic disc, where the sources of cosmic rays are assumed to be located. We show for the first time that a halo naturally arises from these phenomena, with a size of a few kiloparsecs, compatible with the value that typically best fits observations in simple parametric approaches to cosmic ray diffusion. We also show that transport in such a halo results in a hardening in the spectra of primary cosmic rays at ∼300 GV.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Physical review letters
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A benign skin lesion characterized by a zone of depigmentation surrounding the nevus.
Large aggregates of CELESTIAL STARS; COSMIC DUST; and gas. (From McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Radiation from sources other than the source of interest. It is due to cosmic rays and natural radioactivity in the environment.
Two-wheeled, engine-driven vehicles.
Finely divided solid matter with particle sizes smaller than a micrometeorite, thus with diameters much smaller than a millimeter, moving in interplanetary space. (NASA Thesaurus, 1994)