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Parathyroid hormone (PTH) (1-84) improves lumbar spine (LS) areal bone mineral density (aBMD) and trabecular bone score (TBS) in hypoparathyroidism over a 2-year treatment period. Studies in osteoporosis have shown that with PTH(1-34) there is a significant increase in LS aBMD and TBS. In this article, we provide new data comparing the effects of the same form of PTH, namely recombinant human PTH, rhPTH(1-84), on aBMD and TBS in hypoparathyroid and osteoporotic patients over an 18-month treatment period. We studied 19 premenopausal (mean age 45.8 ± 11.8 years) and 16 postmenopausal (71 ± 8.4 years) hypoparathyroid women and 38 women with postmenopausal osteoporosis (71 ± 8.3 years). DXA (hologic) at LS, femoral neck, total hip, and distal one-third radius was assessed. Site-matched LS TBS data were extracted from deidentified spine DXA scans using the TBS iNsight software (version 2.1; Medimaps, Geneva, Switzerland). We observed a significant increase in LS aBMD in premenopausal and postmenopausal hypoparathyroid (3 ± 1.1%, p < 0.02 and 3.1 ± 1.4%, p < 0.05, respectively) and osteoporosis (6.2 ± 1.1%, p < 0.0001) patients after 18 months. There was a significant increase (3 ± 1.5%, p = 0.05) in TBS in premenopausal hypoparathyroid patients. A change in TBS was not observed in either postmenopausal group. One-third radius aBMD significantly declined in postmenopausal hypoparathyroid (-3.6 ± 1.1%, p < 0.01) and osteoporosis (-8 ± 1.4%, p < 0.0001) patients. Overall, there was a significantly greater increase in TBS in premenopausal hypoparathyroid than in osteoporosis patients (p < 0.0001) after adjusting for baseline values, age, BMI, and average daily dose of rhPTH(1-84). Comparing only postmenopausal women, the LS aBMD increase was greater in osteoporotic than hypoparathyroid subjects (p < 0.01). Our results demonstrate that rhPTH(1-84) administered for 18 months increases trabecular aBMD in hypoparathyroidism and postmenopausal osteoporosis with greater gains observed in the subjects with osteoporosis. The data suggest different effects of PTH on bone depending on the baseline skeletal structure, skeletal dynamics, compartments, and menopausal status. © 2018 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research.
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Hypoparathyroidism is a rare disorder that is associated with abnormal bone properties. Recombinant human parathyroid hormone (1-84) [rhPTH(1-84)] in short-term studies has beneficial skeletal effects...
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To evaluate the relationship between bone mineral density (BMD) and magnetic susceptibility, and between proton density fat fraction and susceptibility, in inflamed trabecular bone.
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The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.
Agents that inhibit BONE RESORPTION and/or favor BONE MINERALIZATION and BONE REGENERATION. They are used to heal BONE FRACTURES and to treat METABOLIC BONE DISEASES.
Removal of mineral constituents or salts from bone or bone tissue. Demineralization is used as a method of studying bone strength and bone chemistry.
Decrease, loss, or removal of the mineral constituents of bones. Temporary loss of bone mineral content is especially associated with space flight, weightlessness, and extended immobilization. OSTEOPOROSIS is permanent, includes reduction of total bone mass, and is associated with increased rate of fractures. CALCIFICATION, PHYSIOLOGIC is the process of bone remineralizing. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed; Nicogossian, Space Physiology and Medicine, 2d ed, pp327-33)
The continuous turnover of bone matrix and mineral that involves first, an increase in resorption (osteoclastic activity) and later, reactive bone formation (osteoblastic activity). The process of bone remodeling takes place in the adult skeleton at discrete foci. The process ensures the mechanical integrity of the skeleton throughout life and plays an important role in calcium homeostasis. An imbalance in the regulation of bone remodeling's two contrasting events, bone resorption and bone formation, results in many of the metabolic bone diseases, such as OSTEOPOROSIS.
Osteoporosis is a disease in which the bones become extremely porous, are subject to fracture, and heal slowly, occurring especially in women following menopause and often leading to curvature of the spine from vertebral collapse. Follow and track&n...
Arthroplasty Joint Disorders Orthopedics Spinal Cord Disorders Orthopedics is the science or practice of correcting deformities caused by disease or damage to the bones and joints of the skeleton. This specialized branch of surgery may ...
Diabetes Diabetes Endocrine Disorders Obesity Oxycontin Renal Disease Thyroid Disorders Endocrinology is the study of the endocrine glands and the hormones that they secrete (Oxford Medical Dictionary). There are several g...