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Within (European) healthcare systems, the predominant goal for pharmaceutical expenditure is cost containment. This is due to a general belief among healthcare policy makers that pharmaceutical expenditure-driven by high prices-will be unsustainable unless further reforms are enacted.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Applied health economics and health policy
Drug costs are frequently estimated in economic analyses using wholesale acquisition cost (WAC), but what is the best approach to develop these estimates? Pharmaceutical manufacturers recently release...
Background Spending on biological agents has risen dramatically due to the high cost of the drugs and the increased prevalence of spondyloarthritis. Objective To evaluate the annual cost per patient a...
Pharmaceutical benefit managers (PBMs) are playing an increasingly important role in establishing access to pharmaceutical products for patients. PBMs set retail prices for pharmaceutical products, ne...
Surveys of institutional representatives of member institutions and faculty members engaged in the National Institute for Pharmaceutical Technology and Education (NIPTE) revealed that NIPTE is having ...
This trial is conducted in Europe and Asia. The aim of this clinical trial is to investigate the safety, pharmacokinetics (how the trial drug is distributed in the body) and pharmacodynami...
The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the impact of the implementation of collaborative pharmaceutical care on drug support at admission for patients 65 years of age and older...
The present study aims to compare muscle sympathetic neural activity by microneurography after one month treatment of fixed versus auto-adjusting CPAP treatment and its impact on arterial ...
The implementation of pharmaceutical consultations in the city or at the hospital could modify the occurrence of exacerbations related to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease after return...
The purpose of the study is to investigate the impact of pharmaceutical care on cancer pain treatment for opioid-tolerant inpatients
Economic aspects of the fields of pharmacy and pharmacology as they apply to the development and study of medical economics in rational drug therapy and the impact of pharmaceuticals on the cost of medical care. Pharmaceutical economics also includes the economic considerations of the pharmaceutical care delivery system and in drug prescribing, particularly of cost-benefit values. (From J Res Pharm Econ 1989;1(1); PharmacoEcon 1992;1(1))
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
Substances added to pharmaceutical preparations to protect them from chemical change or microbial action. They include ANTI-BACTERIAL AGENTS and antioxidants.
RESEARCH activity focused on pharmaceutical products and services.
Databases devoted to knowledge about PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTS.
Health care (or healthcare) is the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans. Health care is delivered by practitioners in medicine, chiropractic, dentistry, nursing, pharmacy, a...