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Brucella melitensis is the causative pathogen of the zoonotic disease brucellosis in China. This work focused on analyses of genetic features represented by nucleotide, synonymous codon and amino acid usages at gene levels of B. melitensis strain QY1 isolated from China. Although nucleotide usage biases at different codon positions all work on synonymous codon usage bias, nucleotide usage biases at the 1st and 3rd positions play more important roles in codon usages. Mutation pressure caused by nucleotide composition constraint influences the formation of over-representative synonymous codons, but neighboring nucleotides surrounding a codon strongly influence synonymous codon usage bias for B. melitensis strain QY1. There is significant correlation between amino acid usage bias and hydropathicity of proteins for B. melitensis strain QY1. Compared with different Brucella species about synonymous codon usage patterns, synonymous codon usages are not obviously influenced by hosts. Due to nucleotide usage bias at the 1st codon position influencing synonymous codon and amino acid usages, good interactions among nucleotide, synonymous codon and amino acid usages exist in the evolutionary process of B. melitensis.
This article was published in the following journal.
Unequal usage of synonymous codons in the gene transcript for an amino acid is known as codon usage bias (CUB). It is a unique property of gene as well as genome. Mutation and natural selection are kn...
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An amino acid-specifying codon that has been converted to a stop codon (CODON, TERMINATOR) by mutation. Its occurance is abnormal causing premature termination of protein translation and results in production of truncated and non-functional proteins. A nonsense mutation is one that converts an amino acid-specific codon to a stop codon.
A sequence of successive nucleotide triplets that are read as CODONS specifying AMINO ACIDS and begin with an INITIATOR CODON and end with a stop codon (CODON, TERMINATOR).
A process of GENETIC TRANSLATION whereby the last amino acid is added to a lengthening polypeptide. This termination is signaled from the MESSENGER RNA, by one of three termination codons (CODON, TERMINATOR) that immediately follows the last amino acid-specifying CODON.
A naturally occurring amino acid in both eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms. It is found in tRNAs and in the catalytic site of some enzymes. The genes for glutathione peroxidase and formate dehydrogenase contain the TGA codon, which codes for this amino acid.
A theoretical representative nucleotide or amino acid sequence in which each nucleotide or amino acid is the one which occurs most frequently at that site in the different sequences which occur in nature. The phrase also refers to an actual sequence which approximates the theoretical consensus. A known CONSERVED SEQUENCE set is represented by a consensus sequence. Commonly observed supersecondary protein structures (AMINO ACID MOTIFS) are often formed by conserved sequences.
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...