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In this study, poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) production from a newly isolated obligate alkaliphilic Bacillus marmarensis DSM 21297 was investigated to evaluate the ability of obligate alkaliphilic strain to produce a biopolymer. Additionally, electrospun nanofibers from B. marmarensis PHB (Bm-PHB) were generated using Bm-PHB/polycaprolactone (PCL) blend to evaluate the applicability of Bm-PHB. According to the experimental results, the metabolic activity of B. marmarensis decreased the pH of the medium by generating H ions to initiate Bm-PHB production, which was achieved at pH below 9.0. Regarding medium components, the addition of MgSO.7HO and KHPO to the medium containing 1% glucose enhanced the amount of Bm-PHB synthesis, and an approximately 60% increase in PHB concentration was obtained in the presence of mineral salts. Based on FTIR analysis, the chemical structures of Bm-PHB and commercial PHB were found to be highly similar. Additionally, the T and T values of Bm-PHB were determined to be 17.77 °C and 165.17 °C, respectively. Moreover, Bm-PHB/PCL composite scaffold was generated by electrospinning method that produced nanofibers between 150 and 400 nm in diameter, with an average of 250 nm. To our knowledge, this is the first report to produce PHB from an obligate alkaliphilic Bacillus strain and PHB scaffold.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International journal of biological macromolecules
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A poly(A) binding protein that is involved in promoting the extension of the poly A tails of MRNA. The protein requires a minimum of ten ADENOSINE nucleotides in order for binding to mRNA. Once bound it works in conjunction with CLEAVAGE AND POLYADENYLATION SPECIFICITY FACTOR to stimulate the rate of poly A synthesis by POLY A POLYMERASE. Once poly-A tails reach around 250 nucleotides in length poly(A) binding protein II no longer stimulates POLYADENYLATION. Mutations within a GCG repeat region in the gene for poly(A) binding protein II have been shown to cause the disease MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY, OCULOPHARYNGEAL.
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, nonsporeforming rods which usually contain granules of poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate. (From Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed)
A genus of gram-negative, straight or slightly curved rods which are motile by polar flagella and which accumulate poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate within the cells.
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria usually containing granules of poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate. They characteristically invade the root hairs of leguminous plants and act as intracellular symbionts.
Proteins that bind to the 3' polyadenylated region of MRNA. When complexed with RNA the proteins serve an array of functions such as stabilizing the 3' end of RNA, promoting poly(A) synthesis and stimulating mRNA translation.