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Ciprofloxacin (CIP) is an antibiotic that is widely used to treat bacterial infections and is poorly biodegraded during wastewater treatment. In this study, a CIP-degrading bacterial strain (GLC_01) was successfully retrieved from activated sludge by enrichment and isolation. The obtained bacterial strain shares over 99% nucleotide identity of the 16S rRNA gene with Bradyrhizobium spp. Results show that Bradyrhizobium sp. GLC_01 degraded CIP via cometabolism with another carbon substrate following a first-order kinetics degradation reaction. CIP degradation by Bradyrhizobium sp. GLC_01 increased when the concentration of the primary carbon source increased. The biodegradability of the primary carbon source also affected CIP degradation. The use of glucose and sodium acetate (i.e. readily biodegradable), respectively, as a primary carbon source enhanced CIP biotransformation, compared to starch (i.e. relatively slowly biodegradable). CIP degradation decreased with the increase of the initial CIP concentration. Over 70% CIP biotransformation was achieved at 0.05 mg L whereas CIP degradation decreased to 26% at 10 mg L. The phylogenetic identification and experimental verification of this CIP-degrading bacterium can lead to a bioengineering approach to manage antibiotics and possibly other persistent organic contaminants during wastewater treatment.
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A pilot scale biological nutrient removal (BNR) process, batch experiments and modeling exercises were employed to investigate the removal and biotransformation of trimethoprim (TMP) in a BNR activate...
This study determined biotransformation rates (k) and sorption-distribution coefficients (K) for a select group of trace organic compounds (TOrCs) in anaerobic, anoxic, and aerobic activated sludge co...
The biotransformation of three prominent macrolide antibiotics (azithromycin, clarithromycin and erythromycin) by an activated sludge culture, which was adapted to high concentrations of azithromycin ...
The impressive ability of the fungus Xylaria longipes to transform the highly persistent fluoroquinolone ciprofloxacin into microbiologically less active degradation products was demonstrated. Fluoroq...
In recent years, the increasing resistance of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) to commonly used antibiotics has made it difficult to choose the best treatment option. Bacteriophage therapy cou...
This was a non randomised, multi center, italian study performed in burn patients receiving an antibiotic (ciprofloxacin) in order to treat an active infection. The aim of the study was to...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and tolerability of short-term dosing of IV ciprofloxacin when administered concomitantly with IV Valortim in healthy normal human subje...
Ciprofloxacin hydrochloride has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of mild to moderate infections, including prostate infections. It has been sugges...
Efficiency of Triple Antibiotic Paste, Ciprofloxacin/Propolis, Ciprofloxacin/Metronidazole, Propolis/Metronidazole Combinations on Revascularization Process of Immature Necrotic Maxillary Incisors of Patients 8-18 Years Old.
This Study Was Made to Evaluate the Antibacterial Effect of Different Antibacterial Combinations on Revascularization Process in Permanent Anterior Immature Teeth. Immature Necrotic Perman...
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a very common problem in young healthy women, afflicting approximately one-half of women by their late 20s. One of the most common antibiotics used to trea...
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria usually containing granules of poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate. They characteristically invade the root hairs of leguminous plants and act as intracellular symbionts.
A family of gram-negative, asporogenous rods or ovoid cells, aerobic or facultative anaerobic chemoorganotrophs. They are commonly isolated from SOIL, activated sludge, or marine environments.
A genus of gram-positive BACTERIA in the family Gordoniaceae, isolated from soil and from sputa of patients with chest disorders. It is also used for biotransformation of natural products.
An antibiotic first isolated from cultures of Streptomyces venequelae in 1947 but now produced synthetically. It has a relatively simple structure and was the first broad-spectrum antibiotic to be discovered. It acts by interfering with bacterial protein synthesis and is mainly bacteriostatic. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 29th ed, p106)
A broad-spectrum antimicrobial carboxyfluoroquinoline.
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...