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Congenital medulloblastoma is extremely rare. MRI appearance of this tumor in the fetal brain has not been described. A case of congenital medulloblastoma initially observed by antenatal MRI with postnatal follow-up and treatment is presented. A pregnant female underwent fetal MRI on the 31st gestational week for routine indications. Midline cerebellar lesion of ≤2 cm in size with minor T hypointensity and T hyperintensity was identified. Additionally, quantitative MRI including apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and fast macromolecular proton fraction (MPF) mapping was performed. The lesion showed a marked ADC decrease and MPF increase. MPF maps depicted the lesion most conspicuously. After term delivery, a male neonate presented with symptoms of increased intracranial pressure. Postnatal MRI identified obstructive hydrocephalus caused by a large posterior fossa mass. The child was treated by cerebrospinal fluid shunt placement. Follow-up quantitative MRI on the fifth month revealed tumor growth and vivid changes of its tissue contrast associated with brain maturation. The tumor appeared nearly isointense on T- and T-weighted images and slightly hypointense on the ADC map. MPF contrast showed the most remarkable change from hyper- to hypointensity due to brain myelination with stable MPF in the tumor. Subsequently, the child underwent partial tumor resection, and currently continues treatment with chemotherapy. The pathological diagnosis was desmoplastic/nodular medulloblastoma. The described case illustrates evolution of the tumor contrast in the course of fetal and postnatal brain development and highlights the added diagnostic value of MPF mapping in fetal and neonatal neuroimaging.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Clinical imaging
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Congenital conditions are those which are present from birth. They include structural deformities or loss of function in organs such as the <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->heart, gut or skeletal system. They can be corrected by <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->surgery, m...
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