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Dengue virus (DENV) infection causes various clinical presentations, including asymptomatic infection, dengue with or without warning signs and severe dengue. An early and accurate diagnosis of DENV infection during the first few days of illness supports clinical management and significantly reduces dengue-associated mortality and morbidity. However, it is very difficult to confirm DENV infection in endemic regions without qualified dengue diagnostic laboratories. In this study, we evaluated the performance of two commercially available rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) using serum samples collected in the Solomon Islands during the 2013 DENV-3 outbreak. The sensitivity and specificity of the tests were calculated by comparing the results of DENV nonstructural protein 1 (NS1), IgM and IgG RDTs with those obtained by qRT-PCR. We also compared the results of the DENV IgM/IgG RDT with those obtained using an IgM/IgG capture enzyme-linked immune-sorbent assay (ELISA). The sensitivities of the SD and CTK NS1 RDTs were similar (90.9% and 92.6%), and the specificity of the SD NS1 RDT was significantly higher than that of the CTK NS1 RDT (100% versus 78.8%). The inclusion of IgM and IgG in the RDT did not significantly increase the sensitivity for DENV diagnosis. Compared with the SD IgM RDT, IgM capture ELISA had the same specificity but higher sensitivity. User-friendly RDTs remain the first choice and the most convenient tool in dengue endemic regions, where laboratory facilities and the corresponding infrastructure are lacking. Our study provided important and practical information for comparing the performance and validity of the different RDTs for rapid dengue detection.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: PloS one
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An acute infectious, eruptive, febrile disease caused by four antigenically related but distinct serotypes of the DENGUE VIRUS. It is transmitted by the bite of infected Aedes mosquitoes, especially A. aegypti. Classical dengue (dengue fever) is self-limiting and characterized by fever, myalgia, headache, and rash. DENGUE HEMORRHAGIC FEVER is a more virulent form of dengue virus infection and a separate clinical entity. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
A species of the genus FLAVIVIRUS which causes an acute febrile and sometimes hemorrhagic disease in man. Dengue is mosquito-borne and four serotypes are known.
Diagnostic procedures, such as laboratory tests and x-rays, routinely performed on all individuals or specified categories of individuals in a specified situation, e.g., patients being admitted to the hospital. These include routine tests administered to neonates.
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with DENGUE VIRUS. These include live-attenuated, subunit, DNA, and inactivated vaccines.
An Ig domain-containing membrane receptor for HEPATITIS A VIRUS; EBOLA VIRUS; MARBURG VIRUS; and DENGUE VIRUS. It may also function to modulate ASTHMA and HYPERSENSITIVITY.
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