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In Search of Clinical Factors that Predict Risk for Pneumocystis jirovecii Pneumonia in Patients without HIV/AIDS.

08:00 EDT 10th August 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "In Search of Clinical Factors that Predict Risk for Pneumocystis jirovecii Pneumonia in Patients without HIV/AIDS."

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Name: American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine
ISSN: 1535-4970
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PubMed Articles [39533 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Clinical Profile of Pneumocystis jirovecii Infection - A Comparative Study.

Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) can differ in HIV and non HIV population due to degree of immunity. This study was undertaken with an aim to highlight the differences between the two groups.

Low Lymphocyte Proportion in Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid as a Risk Factor Associated with the Change from Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole used as First-Line Treatment for Pneumocystis jirovecii Pneumonia.

Trimethoprim/sufamethoxazole (TMP/SMX) is the recommended treatment for Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP). However, the efficacy and the safety of alternative salvage treatments are less guaraute...

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Immunosuppression in anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) is complicated by increasing risk of infections including opportunistic infections like Pneumocystis jirove...

A Multivariable Prediction Model for Pneumocystis jirovecii Pneumonia in Hematology Patients with Acute Respiratory Failure.

The incidence of Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PjP) is rising. Longer time to treatment is associated with higher mortality.

Risk factors and prophylaxis of Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia in HIV-negative patients.

Pneumocystis jirovecii (formely carinii) pneumonia (PcP) affects immunosuppressed patients. Cotrimoxazole prophylaxis has proven to be effective and its indications in HIV patients are well establishe...

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SPM in Pneumocystis Jirovecii Pneumonia

This study aims to evaluate specialized proresolving mediators (SPM) concentrations for the first time in subjects infected with Pneumocystis jirovecii. SPM will be measured in blood and u...

Intravenous Pentamidine for Pneumocystis Jirovecii Pneumonia

The main objective of this study is to assess the safety of administering intravenous (IV) pentamidine for Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PJP) prophylaxis in adult inpatients with hemat...

Non Invasive Diagnosis of Pneumocystis Pneumonia

Incidence and morbi-mortality of Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) are increasing. Early and fast diagnosis and treatment improve PCP prognosis. Biological diagnosis is based on the detection o...

Corticosteroids Therapy on the Development of Interstitial Fibrosis in Patients With HIV Infection and Mild Pneumocystis Jirovecii Pneumonia (PCP)

To explore the effects of corticosteroid therapy on pulmonary fibrosis and potentially pneumothorax in patients with mild PCP (pO2 >70mmHg) combined with the standard of care treatment of ...

Pneumocystis Primary Infection in Non-immunosuppressed Infants

To determine the prevalence of P. jirovecii in nasopharyngeal aspirations of neonates and infants hospitalized for symptomatic respiratory infection.

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A species of PNEUMOCYSTIS infecting humans and causing PNEUMOCYSTIS PNEUMONIA. It also occasionally causes extrapulmonary disease in immunocompromised patients. Its former name was Pneumocystis carinii f. sp. hominis.

A pulmonary disease in humans occurring in immunodeficient or malnourished patients or infants, characterized by DYSPNEA, tachypnea, and HYPOXEMIA. Pneumocystis pneumonia is a frequently seen opportunistic infection in AIDS. It is caused by the fungus PNEUMOCYSTIS JIROVECII. The disease is also found in other MAMMALS where it is caused by related species of Pneumocystis.

The prototype species of PNEUMOCYSTIS infecting the laboratory rat, Rattus norvegicus (RATS). It was formerly called Pneumocystis carinii f. sp. carinii. Other species of Pneumocystis can also infect rats.

Infections with species in the genus PNEUMOCYSTIS, a fungus causing interstitial plasma cell pneumonia (PNEUMONIA, PNEUMOCYSTIS) and other infections in humans and other MAMMALS. Immunocompromised patients, especially those with AIDS, are particularly susceptible to these infections. Extrapulmonary sites are rare but seen occasionally.

The relating of causes to the effects they produce. Causes are termed necessary when they must always precede an effect and sufficient when they initiate or produce an effect. Any of several factors may be associated with the potential disease causation or outcome, including predisposing factors, enabling factors, precipitating factors, reinforcing factors, and risk factors.

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