Advertisement

Topics

Negative affect is more strongly associated with suicidal thinking among suicidal patients with borderline personality disorder than those without.

08:00 EDT 3rd August 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Negative affect is more strongly associated with suicidal thinking among suicidal patients with borderline personality disorder than those without."

Patients suffering from borderline personality disorder (BPD) are at elevated risk for suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STBs), but this well-described and clinically important association is not well-understood. Prior research suggests that STBs often function as an attempt to escape aversive affect, and that people with BPD experience stronger emotion reactivity and greater discomfort with emotion than those without BPD. Here, we tested whether negative affective states are more likely to predict suicidal thoughts among those with BPD than those without this disorder. Data on affective states and suicidal thoughts were collected several times per day from 35 psychiatric inpatients using their smartphones to capture real-time associations between negative affect and suicidal thoughts. Results revealed that the association between negative affective states (e.g., abandonment, desperation, guilt, hopelessness, loneliness, rage, self-hatred, and upset), and severity of suicidal thinking was stronger among those with BPD than among those without BPD. This finding has implications for risk assessment and intervention in the clinical setting: for a given degree of reported negative affect, patients with BPD experience more suicidal ideation than those without. Further research needs to be done to elucidate the mechanism of this effect.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of psychiatric research
ISSN: 1879-1379
Pages: 198-201

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [11758 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Consistency of trajectories of suicidal ideation and depression symptoms: Evidence from a randomized controlled trial.

Depression is a risk factor for suicidal ideation. However, suicidal ideation can occur in the absence of depression and treating depression may not reduce suicidal thinking. This study tested whether...

The Role of Psychological Flexibility in Relation to Suicidal Thinking in Chronic Pain.

Suicidal thinking (ST) is common in people with chronic pain. It is relevant as it can be associated with suicidal attempts, and typically reflects significant suffering. While little is known about ...

Repetitive negative thinking predicts eating disorder behaviors: A pilot ecological momentary assessment study in a treatment seeking eating disorder sample.

Repetitive negative thinking is a transdiagnostic process that occurs across several psychological disorders, including eating disorders. Individuals with eating disorders have higher levels of repeti...

Suicidal Ideation in People With Psychosis Not Taking Antipsychotic Medication: Do Negative Appraisals and Negative Metacognitive Beliefs Mediate the Effect of Symptoms?

Between 5% and 10% of people with psychosis will die by suicide, a rate which is 20-75 times higher than the general population. This risk is even greater in those not taking antipsychotic medication....

Social cognition and short-term prediction of suicidal ideation in schizophrenia.

Despite recent research acknowledging social cognition as an important feature of interpersonal functioning in schizophrenia, little work has evaluated the role of social cognition in suicidal ideatio...

Clinical Trials [4223 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

The Patients' Experience After Stem Cell Transplant

In this study, the investigators are looking to understand: 1) how adults ≥ 60 years old thinking and memory abilities are affected by stem cell transplant; 2) whether these changes affe...

Nitrous Oxide- Suicidal Ideation

Most clinical major depression responds to standard treatments (medication and psychotherapy); however, a significant subset of depressed patients (15-20%) do not respond to these treatmen...

Common Decision Making Deficits in Suicidal Behaviors and Eating Disorders

The role of impulsivity and its contribution to suicidal behavior seems intuitively clear. Empirical results have proved the existence of a relationship between the two yet many questions ...

Ecological Momentary Mental Assessment

Suicide is a major health problem that causes annually a million death worldwide. Suicide and suicide attempts are preventable. A history of self-injuries or suicidal attempts are known t...

Treatment for Affect Dimensions

Affect, or the tendency to experience a given emotion, often is subdivided into two domains. Positive affect is the tendency to experience positive emotions, such as happiness, excitement,...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A risk factor for suicide attempts and completions, it is the most common of all suicidal behavior, but only a minority of ideators engage in overt self-harm.

A personality disorder in which there are oddities of thought (magical thinking, paranoid ideation, suspiciousness), perception (illusions, depersonalization), speech (digressive, vague, overelaborate), and behavior (inappropriate affect in social interactions, frequently social isolation) that are not severe enough to characterize schizophrenia.

A species of gram-negative bacteria strongly implicated in oral infection, PERIODONTAL DISEASES, eye and ear disorders, and SEPTIC ARTHRITIS.

A genus of gram-negative, rod-shaped, gliding bacteria in the family XANTHOMONADACEAE. Strongly proteolytic, it is involved in lysing a variety of microorganisms.

A direct form of psychotherapy based on the interpretation of situations (cognitive structure of experiences) that determine how an individual feels and behaves. It is based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior. The therapy uses behavioral and verbal techniques to identify and correct negative thinking that is at the root of the aberrant behavior.

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topic

Psychiatry
Psychiatry is the study of mental disorders and their diagnosis, management and prevention.  Conditions include schizophrenia, severe depression and panic disorders among others. There are pharmaceutical treatments as well as other therapies to help...


Searches Linking to this Article