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Following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), elevated parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels potentially harmful to bone health are commonly observed. Owing to assumed superior absorption, calcium citrate is often recommended over calcium carbonate following RYGB for the treatment of elevated PTH. We aimed to investigate the impact of either calcium carbonate or calcium citrate (1200 mg elementary calcium) in patients with elevated PTH levels following RYGB.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Clinical endocrinology
No medication has been shown to be effective at preventing recurrence of calcium phosphate urinary stones. Potassium citrate may protect against calcium phosphate stones by enhancing urine citrate exc...
In Taihu Lake region, more and more paddy fields are being converted to vegetable fields, which cause serious soil acidification and decreased soil nitrogen retention. In this study, calcium carbonate...
Calcium carbonate is a common urolith type in small ruminants with no high-yield experimental model to evaluate animal susceptibility or preventative measure response.
We compared two methods of calcium gluconate infusion to maintain plasma ionized calcium ([Ca ]) during therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) performed using the Spectra Optia Apheresis System. Method A, ...
Cross-linked chitosan iron (III) is a chitin-derived polymer with a chelating effect on phosphorus, but it is untested in vascular calcification. We evaluated this compound's ability to reduce hyperph...
Hypoparathyroidism is an endocrinopathy characterized by a deficient secretion or action of PTH associated with low calcium level. According to the European guideline (2015), standard trea...
This study investigates whether calcium citrate or calcium carbonate are the optimal supplement to treat secondary hyperparathyroidism following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass operation. ...
Interventional Clinical trial with food supplement, randomized, double-blind, comparative between microencapsulated calcium, calcium carbonate salts standardized and calcium citrate, in a ...
Patients diagnosed with, or in risk of osteoporosis regularly take calcium dietary supplements, although their contribution to BMD maintenance, prevention of bone loss or reduction of the ...
The purpose of this study is to demonstrate decrease in cardiovascular mortality and morbidity in Japanese hemodialysis patients treated with Lanthanum carbonate compared with those with C...
Carbonic acid calcium salt (CaCO3). An odorless, tasteless powder or crystal that occurs in nature. It is used therapeutically as a phosphate buffer in hemodialysis patients and as a calcium supplement.
Signal transduction mechanisms whereby calcium mobilization (from outside the cell or from intracellular storage pools) to the cytoplasm is triggered by external stimuli. Calcium signals are often seen to propagate as waves, oscillations, spikes, sparks, or puffs. The calcium acts as an intracellular messenger by activating calcium-responsive proteins.
Intracellular signaling peptides and proteins that bind to CALCIUM. They undergo allosteric changes when bound to CALCIUM that affects their interaction with other signal-transducing molecules. They differ from CALCIUM-SENSING RECEPTORS which sense extracellular calcium levels.
A field of chemistry which pertains to chemical compounds or ions that do not contain the element carbon (with the exception of carbon dioxide and compounds containing a carbonate radical, e.g., calcium carbonate).
A class of G-protein-coupled receptors that react to varying extracellular CALCIUM levels. Calcium-sensing receptors in the PARATHYROID GLANDS play an important role in the maintenance of calcium HOMEOSTASIS by regulating the release of PARATHYROID HORMONE. They differ from INTRACELLULAR CALCIUM-SENSING PROTEINS which sense intracellular calcium levels.
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...
Endocrine disorders are grouped into two categories: hormone imbalance - when a gland produces too much or too little of an endocrine hormone development of lesions (such as nodules or tumors) in the endocrine system, which may or may not affect...
Osteoporosis is a disease in which the bones become extremely porous, are subject to fracture, and heal slowly, occurring especially in women following menopause and often leading to curvature of the spine from vertebral collapse. Follow and track&n...