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Liver targeted co-delivery of entecavir and glycyrrhetinic acid based on albumin nanoparticle to enhance the accumulation of entecavir.

08:00 EDT 15th August 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Liver targeted co-delivery of entecavir and glycyrrhetinic acid based on albumin nanoparticle to enhance the accumulation of entecavir."

Hepatitis B, one of the most common contagious viral hepatitis with high infection rate, is challenging to treat. Although the treatment for hepatitis B has been improved over the years, many therapeutic drugs still have either severe adverse effects or insufficient effectiveness via systemic administration. In this study, we confirmed that glycyrrhetinic acid can enhance the accumulation of entecavir in HepaRG cell and liver. Then we constructed a novel albumin nanoparticle co-loading entecavir and glycyrrhetinic acid (ETV-GA-AN) to improve liver accumulation of entecavir and investigated its ability to deliver both drugs to liver. In vitro cellular uptake study and in vivo tissue distribution experiment show that these negatively charged ETV-GA-AN (112 ± 2 nm in diameter) can increase the accumulation of entecavir in hepatic HepaRG cells and improve entecavir distribution in liver. We also revealed the mechanism that glycyrrhetinic acid enhances intracellular accumulation of entecavir by inhibiting the activity of specific efflux transporters. Our delivery system is the first liver-targeted albumin nanoparticle that utilizes the site-specific co-delivery strategy to delivery entecavir and glycyrrhetinic acid. As it combines high efficiency and low toxicity, it possess great potential for treating hepatitis B.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Molecular pharmaceutics
ISSN: 1543-8392
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