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Selenium (Se) is not essential for yeast growth, but it has a metabolic capacity to transform inorganic Se species to organic Se compounds such as selenomethionine (SeMet). Although the metabolism of inorganic Se species has been well discussed, there are no studies revealing how organic Se compounds are metabolized in yeast. The aim of this study was to show the specific metabolic pathway of organic Se species in yeast. We performed the speciation analysis of selenometabolites in budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, exposed to selenometabolites produced by animals, plants, and microorganisms, such as methyl-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-1-seleno-β-d-galactopyranoside (SeSug1, selenosugar 1), methyl-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-1-seleno-β-d-glucopyranoside (SeSug2, selenosugar 2), trimethylselenonium ions (TMSe), Se-methylselenocysteine (MeSeCys), and SeMet. Four selenometabolites, SeSug1, SeSug2, SeMet, and MeSeCys, were commonly metabolized into SeMet in yeast. Yeast was able to incorporate TMSe but could not metabolize it. Since MeSeCys and selenosugars are the major selenometabolites in plants and animals, respectively, yeast is useful for recovering Se as SeMet from the selenometabolites produced by other organisms in the ecosystem.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Metallomics : integrated biometal science
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A general term for single-celled rounded fungi that reproduce by budding. Brewers' and bakers' yeasts are SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE; therapeutic dried yeast is YEAST, DRIED.
A species of the genus SACCHAROMYCES, family Saccharomycetaceae, order Saccharomycetales, known as "baker's" or "brewer's" yeast. The dried form is used as a dietary supplement.
A member of the Rho family of MONOMERIC GTP-BINDING PROTEINS from SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE. It is involved in morphological events related to the cell cycle. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC 22.214.171.124.
The dry cells of any suitable strain of SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE or CANDIDA. It can be obtained as a by-product from the brewing of beer or by growing on media not suitable for beer production. Dried yeast serves as a source of protein and VITAMIN B COMPLEX.
Proteins obtained from the species SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE. The function of specific proteins from this organism are the subject of intense scientific interest and have been used to derive basic understanding of the functioning similar proteins in higher eukaryotes.