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Gemcitabine is the cornerstone of pancreatic cancer treatment. Although effective in most patients, development of tumor resistance to gemcitabine can critically limit its efficacy. The mechanisms responsible for this phenomenon remain elusive, but evidence suggests that ubiquitin-specific peptidases (USPs) may be key regulators in cancer chemo-resistance. The present study aimed to investigate the role of USP9X in gemcitabine resistance using in vitro pancreatic cell lines and a mouse xenograft model. We found that the expression of USP9X in pancreatic cancer cells was positively correlated with gemcitabine resistance, and that inhibition of USP9X by WP1130 sensitized pancreatic cancer cells to gemcitabine. Gemcitabine induced autophagy, and blocking autophagy with chloroquine improved sensitivity to gemcitabine. We also found that WP1130 inhibited gemcitabine-induced autophagy, and blocking autophagy abolished the sensitization effect of WP1130 on gemcitabine in pancreatic cancer cells. Finally, combined gemcitabine and WP1130 treatment enhanced the anti-tumor effect of gemcitabine by suppressing autophagy in vivo. Taken together, these results demonstrate that inhibition of USP9X sensitized pancreatic cancer cells to gemcitabine by inhibiting autophagy, which provides a novel insight into gemcitabine resistance in pancreatic cancer.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Cancer letters
This work aimed to study the activating transcription factor 2 or AMP-dependent transcription factor-2 (ATF-2) inhibition mediated gemcitabine sensitivity in human pancreatic cancer cells.
Chemoresistance is a major therapeutic obstacle in the treatment of human pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). As an oxidative stress responsive transcription factor, nuclear factor erythroid 2-re...
Gemcitabine resistance will occur by time after the initial response in pancreatic cancer. Ginkgolide B (GB), a major terpene lactone component of Ginkgo biloba leaves, is a highly selective and compe...
Gemcitabine is among the standard first-line agents for the treatment of metastatic pancreatic cancer. However, as the median survival with gemcitabine monotherapy is 6 months, different combinations ...
Gemcitabine serves as a first-line chemotherapy agent for advanced pancreatic cancer. However, the molecular basis by which gemcitabine exerts its effects is not well-established, and the targeted gen...
The prognosis of pancreatic cancer is extremely poor, even in those patients who had underwent surgery, the 5-year survival is still less than 10%. Current guidelines recommend Gemcitabine...
In patients with unresectable advanced pancreatic cancer, non-inferiority of TS-1 monotherapy and superiority of GEM + TS-1 combination therapy to gemcitabine (GEM) will be verified using ...
Pancreatic cancer is a devastating disease. Previous research shows a correlation between a specific oncogene change (ras-mutation) and enhanced sensitivity to two chemotherapy drugs comb...
The purpose of this research study is to try to define the highest doses of temsirolimus and gemcitabine that can be used safely in combination to treat advanced pancreatic cancer. Gemcita...
The primary objective of this study is to compare tumor response rate of the test arm(gemcitabine+S-1) with the control arm(gemcitabine alone) in patients with unresectable pancreatic canc...
Tumors or cancer of the PANCREAS. Depending on the types of ISLET CELLS present in the tumors, various hormones can be secreted: GLUCAGON from PANCREATIC ALPHA CELLS; INSULIN from PANCREATIC BETA CELLS; and SOMATOSTATIN from the SOMATOSTATIN-SECRETING CELLS. Most are malignant except the insulin-producing tumors (INSULINOMA).
Star-shaped, myofibroblast-like cells located in the periacinar, perivascular, and periductal regions of the EXOCRINE PANCREAS. They play a key role in the pathobiology of FIBROSIS; PANCREATITIS; and PANCREATIC CANCER.
A pancreatic beta-cell hormone that is co-secreted with INSULIN. It displays an anorectic effect on nutrient metabolism by inhibiting gastric acid secretion, gastric emptying and postprandial GLUCAGON secretion. Islet amyloid polypeptide can fold into AMYLOID FIBRILS that have been found as a major constituent of pancreatic AMYLOID DEPOSITS.
A biguanide hypoglycemic agent used in the treatment of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus not responding to dietary modification. Metformin improves glycemic control by improving insulin sensitivity and decreasing intestinal absorption of glucose. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p289)
A 36-amino acid pancreatic hormone that is secreted mainly by endocrine cells found at the periphery of the ISLETS OF LANGERHANS and adjacent to cells containing SOMATOSTATIN and GLUCAGON. Pancreatic polypeptide (PP), when administered peripherally, can suppress gastric secretion, gastric emptying, pancreatic enzyme secretion, and appetite. A lack of pancreatic polypeptide (PP) has been associated with OBESITY in rats and mice.
Pancreatitis Acute pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas caused by the release of activated pancreatic enzymes. Common triggers are biliary tract disease and chronic heavy alcohol intake. Diagnosis is based on clinical presentation...
Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There are more than 100 different types of cancer. Most cancers are named for the organ or type of cell in which they start - for example, cancer that begins in the colon is called colon cancer; cancer th...
The pancreas secretes a number of important hormones into the digestive tract and the blood stream. Cancers are most commonly exocrine than endocrine (neuroendocrine) tumors. Functional tumors secrete hormones; Insulinoma, Gastrinoma, Somatostatinoma, VI...