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The removal efficiency of pharmaceuticals in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) is variable and some of these compounds pass these plants almost intact and others presenting a removal efficiency close to 100%. Their incomplete removal results in a continuous discharge of pharmaceuticals into the environment. To assess the profile of contamination of influents and effluents over a day, a set of 83 pharmaceuticals were evaluated hourly in a WWTP in Leiria, Portugal. The composite samples of the influent and effluent were also collected. Concentrations varied from
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The Science of the total environment
Discharges from pharmaceutical manufacturing facilities (PMFs) previously have been identified as important sources of pharmaceuticals to the environment. Yet few studies are available to establish th...
Pharmaceutical residues are an emerging environmental problem. It is strongly confirmed that pharmaceuticals are present in soils and environmental waters (surface, marine and even groundwater), and t...
The removal efficiency of 6 micro-grain AC (μGAC) was examined for 23 selected pharmaceutical compounds, usually found at trace level in municipal wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) effluents. Two dif...
Despite high production and usage of bisphenols including bisphenol A (BPA) as well as bisphenol A diglycidyl ether and its derivatives (BADGEs), little is known about the occurrence and fate of these...
The fate of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) derived from aqueous film forming foam (AFFF) was investigated within a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) receiving large AFFF inputs from a foa...
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is the first-line treatment of end stage renal disease (ESRD) in Hong Kong. Despite the advances in antibiotic therapy and connecting system, recurrent peritonitis...
Dietary fiber is a type of carbohydrate which is not digested in the human small intestine. Whole grains are a source of dietary fiber that are used to promote health; however, using whole...
Collecting blood, graft liver effluent and urine samples from patients undergoing orthotopic liver transplantation.
Subjects to compare the single dose bioavailability of Torrent's Nebivolol Tablets 20 mg and Bystolic 20 mg Tablets of Forest Pharmaceuticals Inc., USA. Dosing periods of studies were sepa...
Subjects to compare the single dose bioavailability of Torrent's Nebivolol Tablets 20 mg and Bystolic®20 mg Tablets of Forest Pharmaceuticals Inc., USA. Dosing periods of studies were sep...
Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.
Evaluation procedures that focus on both the outcome or status (OUTCOMES ASSESSMENT) of the patient at the end of an episode of care - presence of symptoms, level of activity, and mortality; and the process (ASSESSMENT, PROCESS) - what is done for the patient diagnostically and therapeutically.
Worthless, damaged, defective, superfluous or effluent material from industrial operations. It represents an ecological problem and health hazard.
Evaluation and measurement of nutritional variables in order to assess the level of nutrition or the NUTRITIONAL STATUS of the individual. NUTRITION SURVEYS may be used in making the assessment.
Testing erythrocytes to determine presence or absence of blood-group antigens, testing of serum to determine the presence or absence of antibodies to these antigens, and selecting biocompatible blood by crossmatching samples from the donor against samples from the recipient. Crossmatching is performed prior to transfusion.
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...