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For patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML), treatment guidelines recommend monitoring response to treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) by testing the BCR-ABL1 fusion gene transcript level using reverse transcriptase quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Despite recent efforts to standardise protocols for BCR-ABL1 testing, some variability remains among laboratories in the UK regarding the techniques used and the approach to reporting results. This increases the risk of misinterpretation of results by both clinicians and patients. An expert panel met to discuss current issues surrounding BCR-ABL1 testing in the UK and to develop guidance for laboratories, with emphasis on the optimal approach to reporting laboratory results. Topics included the minimum required information to include in the laboratory report, units of measurement, test sensitivity and BCR-ABL1 transcript variants. To aid communication between laboratories and clinics, standard forms were generated that could be used by (i) clinics when submitting samples to laboratories, and (ii) laboratories when reporting results to clinics. Standardising the way in which BCR-ABL1 test results are reported from laboratories to clinics should help to improve communication, interpretation of results and patient care.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: British journal of haematology
Studies of a provisional entity pre-clinical chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML), which precedes chronic phase (CP) without leucocytosis or blood/marrow feature of CML CP, has been increasing.
There are very few published chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) epidemiology studies in South-East Asia and no representative from Malaysia.
To explore the type, prevalence and outcomes in chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) patients with uncommon BCR-ABL1 transcripts in the era of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), uncommon BCR-ABL1 transcrip...
BCR-ABL1 transcript levels at 4 weeks have prognostic significance for time-specific responses and for predicting survival in chronic-phase chronic myeloid leukemia patients treated with various tyrosine kinase inhibitors.
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The phase of chronic myeloid leukemia following the chronic phase (LEUKEMIA, MYELOID, CHRONIC-PHASE), where there are increased systemic symptoms, worsening cytopenias, and refractory LEUKOCYTOSIS.
Clonal hematopoetic disorder caused by an acquired genetic defect in PLURIPOTENT STEM CELLS. It starts in MYELOID CELLS of the bone marrow, invades the blood and then other organs. The condition progresses from a stable, more indolent, chronic phase (LEUKEMIA, MYELOID, CHRONIC PHASE) lasting up to 7 years, to an advanced phase composed of an accelerated phase (LEUKEMIA, MYELOID, ACCELERATED PHASE) and BLAST CRISIS.
A myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative disorder characterized by myelodysplasia associated with bone marrow and peripheral blood patterns similar to CHRONIC MYELOID LEUKEMIA, but cytogenetically lacking a PHILADELPHIA CHROMOSOME or bcr/abl fusion gene (GENES, ABL).
An alkylating agent having a selective immunosuppressive effect on BONE MARROW. It has been used in the palliative treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (MYELOID LEUKEMIA, CHRONIC), but although symptomatic relief is provided, no permanent remission is brought about. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985), busulfan is listed as a known carcinogen.
The initial phase of chronic myeloid leukemia consisting of an relatively indolent period lasting from 4 to 7 years. Patients range from asymptomatic to those exhibiting ANEMIA; SPLENOMEGALY; and increased cell turnover. There are 5% or fewer blast cells in the blood and bone marrow in this phase.
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...