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Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) relapse results from the survival of chemotherapy-resistant and quiescent leukemia stem cells (LSC). These LSCs reside in the bone marrow microenvironment, comprised of other cells and extracellular matrix (ECM), which facilitates LSC quiescence through expression of cell adhesion molecules. We used decellularized Wharton's jelly matrix (DWJM), the gelatinous material in the umbilical cord, as a scaffolding material to culture leukemia cells, because it contains many components of the bone marrow extracellular matrix, including collagen, fibronectin, lumican, and hyaluronic acid (HA). Leukemia cells cultured in DWJM demonstrated decreased proliferation without undergoing significant differentiation. After culture in DWJM, these cells also exhibited changes in morphology, acquiring a spindle-shaped appearance, and an increase in the ALDH cell population. When treated with a high-dose of doxorubicin, leukemia cells in DWJM demonstrated less apoptosis compared with cells in suspension. Serial colony forming unit (CFU) assays indicated that leukemia cells cultured in DWJM showed increased colony-forming ability after both primary and secondary plating. Leukemia cell culture in DWJM was associated with increased N-cadherin expression by flow cytometry. Our data suggest that DWJM could serve as an ECM-based model to study AML stem cell-like cell behavior and chemotherapy sensitivity.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Leukemia research
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A replication-defective strain of Murine leukemia virus (LEUKEMIA VIRUS, MURINE) capable of transforming lymphoid cells and producing a rapidly progressing lymphoid leukemia after superinfection with FRIEND MURINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS; MOLONEY MURINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS; or RAUSCHER VIRUS.
A human leukemia monocytic cell line derived from a patient with LEUKEMIA, MONOCYTIC, ACUTE. It is used as a model to study the function of MONOCYTES and MACROPHAGES, their signaling pathways, nutrient and drug transport.
A strain of Murine leukemia virus (LEUKEMIA VIRUS, MURINE) producing leukemia of the reticulum-cell type with massive infiltration of liver, spleen, and bone marrow. It infects DBA/2 and Swiss mice.
A strain of Murine leukemia virus (LEUKEMIA VIRUS, MURINE) arising during the propagation of S37 mouse sarcoma, and causing lymphoid leukemia in mice. It also infects rats and newborn hamsters. It is apparently transmitted to embryos in utero and to newborns through mother's milk.
A chronic leukemia characterized by a large number of circulating prolymphocytes. It can arise spontaneously or as a consequence of transformation of CHRONIC LYMPHOCYTIC LEUKEMIA.
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Track and monitor developments in stem cell research and commercial development. Follow the tabs above to read the latest global news, research, clinical trials on stem cells and follow companies active in the stem cell industry. BioPort...