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Cry1Ab has been widely used in genetically modified (GM) crops and its amino acid sequence had high identity to Cry1Ac toxin. Existing nanogold immunochromatographic strips cannot distinguish Cry1Ab from Cry1Ac toxin. In this study, a rapid (5-6 min), qualitative nanogold immunochromatographic strip was successfully developed for the specific detection of Cry1Ab toxin. The assay was based on double antibody sandwich format with the visual detection limit (vLOD) of 0.1 μg mL. The results of immunochromatographic assay were all positive validated against the DAS-ELISA (recoveries between 109.6 and 111.8%). In addition, 10%, 5% and 0% error probability results were found in 20 times repeated tests for Cry1Ab concentration of 0.1, 0.2, 0.5 and 1 μg mL, respectively, demonstrating the reproducibility of the test strip. Furthermore, the test strip could be stored for 3 months under dry conditions without significant loss of sensitivity. Furthermore, the practical sample analysis results showed that the test strip was able to detect the presence of Cry1Ab in GM materials containing as low as 0.5% MON 810 Bt maize which indicated the practical value of the test strip. To our knowledge, this is the first report on the detection of Cry1Ab by immunochromatographic assay without interference from Cry1Ac toxin.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Analytical biochemistry
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