Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Neovascularization in retina and choroid involves interplay of many cytokines and growth factors. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) being a pro-angiogenic molecule has been found to be high in aqueous and vitreous humour of patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). VEGF is also found in the fibroblast and retinal pigment epithelial cells (RPE) of choroidal neovascular (CNV) membranes isolated from patients. Though anti-VEGF agents cause regression of clinically visible new vessels, there is evidence that they increase the occurrence of retinal tractional detachment and other adverse effects in PDR and CNV treatments. Adiponectin (APN) is a cytokine, found to be involved in the pathobiology of PDR. It is unclear whether APN plays a reparative or pathological role in the disease condition. In this study, we explored the effect of APN on tube formation in the primary culture of human umbilical vein macrovascular endothelial cells (HUVEC), human retinal microvascular endothelial cells (hREC) and human choroidal endothelial cells (hCEC). Anti-VEGF agent, bevacizumab (avastin) was used as a control. Full-length pAc-APN transfected in HUVEC, hRECs and hCECs inhibited basal tube formation and migration comparable to bevacizumab (Avastin™). In hRECs, full length pAc-APN reduced VEGF or PDR vitreous mediated migration. In a similar way, rAPN significantly disrupted VEGF and PDR vitreous induced tube formation in HUVEC and hREC. Moreover, rAPN significantly reduced VEGF influenced proliferation and phosphorylation of ERK1/2 in hREC. Altogether, our study suggests that APN may be effective in the treatment of retinal neovascularization.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Microvascular research
N6-isopentenyladenosine is an anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic atypical nucleoside for normal and tumor cells. Considering the role of angiogenesis in various diseases, we investigated the cytotox...
Human retinal microvascular endothelial cells (HRMVECs) are involved in the pathogenesis of retinopathy of prematurity. In this study, the microRNA (miRNA) expression profiles of HRMVECs were investig...
What is the central question of this study? We aimed to examine leg vascular responses to brief periods of inactivity. What is the main finding and its importance? We demonstrate that a mere 10 min o...
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a disease of pregnancy associated with maternal and foetal hyperglycaemia and altered foetoplacental vascular function. Human foetoplacental microvascular and ma...
Angiogenesis is the process of endothelial cell migration and proliferation induced by angiogenic factors, which is essential for the development of tumors. In recent years, studies have reported that...
The primary objective of this study is to investigate the anti-angiogenic effect of bevacizumab measured by CTP as a predictive marker for efficacy measured by progression-free survival (P...
Study Hypothesis • As well as in animal models as in patients with colorectal cancer resection of the primary tumor resulted in increase in vascular density, metabolism and secondary tu...
Cancers that have spread to the liver from the primary cancer location (liver metastases) that cannot be removed surgically (unresectable) can be treated with chemotherapy and/or radiation...
Long-term prognostic value of macrovascular and microvascular coronary artery stenoses in each type of cardiomyopathy.
The purpose of the study is to establish the normal levels of the hormone adiponectin in women. Adiponectin is a newly discovered hormone, which is said to be associated with many changes ...
Cell surface receptors for ADIPONECTIN, an antidiabetic hormone secreted by ADIPOCYTES. Adiponectin receptors are membrane proteins with multiple cytoplasmic and extracellular regions. They are about 43 kDa and encoded by at least two genes with different affinities for globular and full-length adiponectin.
A 30-kDa COMPLEMENT C1Q-related protein, the most abundant gene product secreted by FAT CELLS of the white ADIPOSE TISSUE. Adiponectin modulates several physiological processes, such as metabolism of GLUCOSE and FATTY ACIDS, and immune responses. Decreased plasma adiponectin levels are associated with INSULIN RESISTANCE; TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS; OBESITY; and ATHEROSCLEROSIS.
Intercellular signaling peptides and proteins that regulate the proliferation of new blood vessels under normal physiological conditions (ANGIOGENESIS, PHYSIOLOGICAL). Aberrant expression of angiogenic proteins during disease states such as tumorigenesis can also result in PATHOLOGICAL ANGIOGENESIS.
A dual inhibitor of both cyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase pathways. It exerts an anti-inflammatory effect by inhibiting the formation of prostaglandins and leukotrienes. The drug also enhances pulmonary hypoxic vasoconstriction and has a protective effect after myocardial ischemia.
A piperidinyl isoindole originally introduced as a non-barbiturate hypnotic, but withdrawn from the market due to teratogenic effects. It has been reintroduced and used for a number of immunological and inflammatory disorders. Thalidomide displays immunosuppresive and anti-angiogenic activity. It inhibits release of TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR-ALPHA from monocytes, and modulates other cytokine action.
Biological therapy involves the use of living organisms, substances derived from living organisms, or laboratory-produced versions of such substances to treat disease. Some biological therapies for cancer use vaccines or bacteria to stimulate the body&rs...
Diabetes is a lifelong condition that causes a person's blood sugar level to become too high. The two main types of diabetes are: type 1 diabetes type 2 diabetes In the UK, diabetes affects approximately 2.9 million people. There are a...