Female genital mutilation and non-invasive cervical abnormalities and invasive cervical cancer in Senegal, West Africa: A retrospective study.

08:00 EDT 24th August 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Female genital mutilation and non-invasive cervical abnormalities and invasive cervical cancer in Senegal, West Africa: A retrospective study."

Female genital mutilation or cutting (FGM/C) is a traditional practice that affects a significant portion of women in sub-Saharan Africa, Egypt, areas of the Middle East, and some countries in Asia. While clinical and epidemiological studies have established a close association between inflammation and carcinogenesis, particularly in epithelial cancers, the relationship between FGM/C and cervical cancer is not well known. We performed a secondary analysis using combined data from six research studies conducted in and around Dakar, Senegal from 1994 to 2012. Study subjects included both asymptomatic women who presented to outpatient clinics but were screened for cervical cancer, and women with cancer symptoms who were referred for cervical cancer treatment. We used unconditional logistic regression to estimate adjusted pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for associations between FGM/C and 1) Invasive cervical cancer (ICC) and 2) non-invasive cervical abnormalities. After adjusting for confounding, women with ICC were 2∙50 times more likely to have undergone FGM/C than women without cervical abnormalities (95% CI, 1∙28-4∙91). Restricting to HPV-positive women increased the strength of the association (OR=4∙23; 95% CI 1∙73-10∙32). No significant associations between FGM/C and non-invasive cervical abnormalities were observed, except in commercial sex workers with FGM/C (OR=2∙01; 95% CI 1∙19-3∙40). The potential increased risk for ICC suggested by this study warrants further examination. Study results may impact cancer prevention efforts in populations where FGM/C is practiced and draw awareness to the additional health risks associated with FGM/C. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: International journal of cancer
ISSN: 1097-0215


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