Advertisement

Topics

Female genital mutilation and non-invasive cervical abnormalities and invasive cervical cancer in Senegal, West Africa: A retrospective study.

08:00 EDT 24th August 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Female genital mutilation and non-invasive cervical abnormalities and invasive cervical cancer in Senegal, West Africa: A retrospective study."

Female genital mutilation or cutting (FGM/C) is a traditional practice that affects a significant portion of women in sub-Saharan Africa, Egypt, areas of the Middle East, and some countries in Asia. While clinical and epidemiological studies have established a close association between inflammation and carcinogenesis, particularly in epithelial cancers, the relationship between FGM/C and cervical cancer is not well known. We performed a secondary analysis using combined data from six research studies conducted in and around Dakar, Senegal from 1994 to 2012. Study subjects included both asymptomatic women who presented to outpatient clinics but were screened for cervical cancer, and women with cancer symptoms who were referred for cervical cancer treatment. We used unconditional logistic regression to estimate adjusted pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for associations between FGM/C and 1) Invasive cervical cancer (ICC) and 2) non-invasive cervical abnormalities. After adjusting for confounding, women with ICC were 2∙50 times more likely to have undergone FGM/C than women without cervical abnormalities (95% CI, 1∙28-4∙91). Restricting to HPV-positive women increased the strength of the association (OR=4∙23; 95% CI 1∙73-10∙32). No significant associations between FGM/C and non-invasive cervical abnormalities were observed, except in commercial sex workers with FGM/C (OR=2∙01; 95% CI 1∙19-3∙40). The potential increased risk for ICC suggested by this study warrants further examination. Study results may impact cancer prevention efforts in populations where FGM/C is practiced and draw awareness to the additional health risks associated with FGM/C. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: International journal of cancer
ISSN: 1097-0215
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [9022 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Minimally Invasive Cervical Laminectomy for Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy.

Cervical spondylotic myelopathy is a common cause of neurological disability, especially in aging populations. There are several approaches to decompress the cervical spinal cord, including anterior c...

CBCT analyses of advanced cervical resorption aid in selection of treatment modalities: a retrospective analysis.

The selection of treatment for advanced (classes 3 and 4) invasive cervical resorption (ICR) based on a two-dimensional periapical radiograph is challenging. The purpose of the present study is to des...

Survival after Minimally Invasive Radical Hysterectomy for Early-Stage Cervical Cancer.

Minimally invasive surgery was adopted as an alternative to laparotomy (open surgery) for radical hysterectomy in patients with early-stage cervical cancer before high-quality evidence regarding its e...

Cervical Cytology and Histology After Solid Organ Transplant: A Longitudinal Cohort Study.

The ideal frequency of cervical cancer screening in women with solid organ transplants (SOTs) remains to be determined. We aimed to assess the longitudinal rates of cytologic and histologic cervical a...

Fibulin-3 knockdown inhibits cervical cancer cell growth and metastasis in vitro and in vivo.

To explore the function of fibulin-3 in cervical carcinoma malignant cell growth and metastasis, fibulin-3 expression in normal cervical tissue, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), and cervical ...

Clinical Trials [7659 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Identifying Genes That Predict Risk of Developing Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia or Invasive Cervical Cancer

RATIONALE: Finding certain changes in genes may help doctors predict which patients are at risk of developing cervical intraepithelial neoplasia or invasive cervical cancer and may help th...

MRI and CT Scans to Evaluate Invasive Cervical Cancer Before Treating Patients

RATIONALE: Imaging procedures such as MRI or CT scans may improve the ability to detect cervical cancer and determine the extent of disease. PURPOSE: Diagnostic trial to determine the eff...

Retrospective Study of the Relationship Between Human Papillomavirus Genotype and Cervical Epithelial Lesions

Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection plays a key role in the carcinogenesis of cervical cancer and pre-invasive lesions. There are hundred types of HPV, including high risk and low risk ty...

Screening Study for Cervical Pre-cancer and Cancer Prevention in South African Women.

Nearly 8 000 new cervical cancer cases are diagnosed in South Africa per year; many are still undiagnosed and about 50% of diagnosed cases succumb per year. Although the current prevalence...

Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasm (CIN)-Warts Efficacy Trial in Women (Gardasil)

The primary purpose of the study is to determine if GARDASIL (V501) with four components is able to prevent cervical cancer, cervical dysplasia, including Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasi...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A malignancy arising in uterine cervical epithelium and confined thereto, representing a continuum of histological changes ranging from well-differentiated CIN 1 (formerly, mild dysplasia) to severe dysplasia/carcinoma in situ, CIN 3. The lesion arises at the squamocolumnar cell junction at the transformation zone of the endocervical canal, with a variable tendency to develop invasive epidermoid carcinoma, a tendency that is enhanced by concomitant human papillomaviral infection. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)

A network of nerve fibers originating in the upper four cervical spinal cord segments. The cervical plexus distributes cutaneous nerves to parts of the neck, shoulders, and back of the head, and motor fibers to muscles of the cervical spinal column, infrahyoid muscles, and the diaphragm.

Lung infections with the invasive forms of ASPERGILLUS, usually after surgery, transplantation, prolonged NEUTROPENIA or treatment with high-doses of CORTICOSTEROIDS. Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis can progress to CHRONIC NECROTIZING PULMONARY ASPERGILLOSIS or hematogenous spread to other organs.

A parameter usually used in PRENATAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY to measure the length of the uterine neck (CERVIX UTERI). Cervical length or its shortening is used to identify and prevent early cervical opening and PRETERM BIRTH.

Diagnostic and therapeutic procedures that are invasive or surgical in nature, and require the expertise of a specially trained radiologist. In general, they are more invasive than diagnostic imaging but less invasive than major surgery. They often involve catheterization, fluoroscopy, or computed tomography. Some examples include percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography, percutaneous transthoracic biopsy, balloon angioplasty, and arterial embolization.

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Women's Health
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...

Cervical Cancer
Cervical cancer is a malignant neoplasm of the cervix uteri or cervical area. Symptoms include vaginal bleeding, but may not present until later stages of the cancer. Cervical cancer can be treated using surgery (including local excision) in early stages...

Public Health
Alternative Medicine Cleft Palate Complementary & Alternative Medicine Congenital Diseases Dentistry Ear Nose & Throat Food Safety Geriatrics Healthcare Hearing Medical Devices MRSA Muscular Dyst...


Searches Linking to this Article