Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Obesity constitutes a risk factor for atrial fibrillation (AF) and modifies the efficacy of invasive AF treatment. Left atrial (LA) global longitudinal strain (GLS), which is measured using speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE), is one of the new methods that are helpful in evaluating the function of LA. The aim of the study was to evaluate LA function in obese and non-obese patients that were undergoing percutaneous pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) before and 6 months after the procedure. 89 patients (F/
31/58; mean age: 55.8 ± 9.8 years) with paroxysmal or persistent symptomatic AF that had been qualified for percutaneous PVI were prospectively enrolled in the study. Body mass index (BMI) constituted as a discriminating factor for the study groups: obese group: BMI ≥ 30 kg/m (29 patients, F/
13/16, mean age: 55.13 ± 10.1 years) and non-obese group BMI < 30 kg/m (60 patients, F/
18/42, mean age: 57.17 ± 9.0 years). Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) with LA GLS and segmental longitudinal strain were analysed 1 day before and 6 months after PVI. PVI efficacy was evaluated 6 months after PVI via a seven-day Holter monitoring. Baseline analysis revealed significantly lower two-chamber (2-Ch) LA GLS in the obese patients compared to the non-obese subjects (- 10.55 ± 3.7 vs - 13.11 ± 5.1, p = 0.004). Segmental strain analysis showed no significant differences between the groups. The data that was obtained 6 months after PVI showed a significantly lower 4-Ch LA GLS in the obese patients compared to the non-obese subjects (- 11.04 ± 5.0 vs - 13.91 ± 4.2, p = 0.02), which was accompanied by a significantly lower segmental 4-Ch LA function in the obese patients (med-sept: - 11.66 ± 11.2 vs - 15.97 ± 5.3, p = 0.04; api-sept: - 9.04 ± 6.3 vs - 13.62 ± 6.5, p < 0.001; api-lat: - 7.62 ± 4.0 vs - 13.62 ± 6.5, p < 0.001; med-lat: -9.31 + - 7.9 vs - 15.04 + - 6.3, p = 0.003, global: - 11.04 + - 5.0 vs - 13.91 + - 4.2, p = 0.02). PVI efficacy was confirmed in 52 (58.4%) patients and was similar in both groups. Comparison of the baseline and 6-month strain revealed no differences in LA GLS in either group. Differences in LA GLS before and after the procedure (delta LA GLS) were not obesity dependent. Apical-septal and apical-lateral strain in the obese group, which were measured in 4-Ch view, were significantly lower after the procedure compared to the baseline (p < 0.001). Obese patients with paroxysmal AF were characterised by impaired LA GLS, which is persistent and was accompanied by segmental dysfunction after PVI at the 6-month follow-up. PVI efficacy was comparable between the obese and non-obese patients.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Heart and vessels
Leptin has shown positive effects on respiratory function in experimental settings. The role of leptin on perioperative respiratory function in morbidly obese patients has not been established. We per...
To compare rates of VTE occurrence in obese versus non-obese hospitalized patients who received UFH 5000 units subcutaneously q8 h.
The left atrial appendage (LAA) is the main source of cardioembolic stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation without valvular disease. Oral anticoagulation (OAC) has proven effective for preventing...
Dose reduction in obese cancer patients has been replaced by fully weight-based dosing recommendations. No data, however, are available on the effects of dose reduction in obese stage III colon cancer...
Body mass index (BMI) and specifically overweight and obesity have been associated with an increased platelet reactivity in different series of patients. This information is derived by different labor...
There are two aims for this study. The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of body weight and hormones on airway fibrosis (scarring) and lung function in obese & lean asthma ...
Vitamin D deficiency is common in obese patients. Most of vitamin D supplementation studies were done with non-obese subjects. This study looks at vitamin D supplementation requirements ...
The purpose of the study is to compare non-obese patients (BMI≤ 30 kg/m2)versus obese patients (BMI> 30 kg/m2) in regard of their respective needs for intraoperative fluid therapy during...
The aim of our study is to identify the incidence of difficult endotracheal intubation in patients with normal BMI undergoing surgery under general anaesthesia in our hospital and compare ...
The response rate to interferon-based anti-viral therapy for chronic hepatitis C is lower in patients who are obese. However, it is not clear whether this is related to suboptimal dosing ...
Two populations of Zucker rats have been cited in research--the "fatty" or obese and the lean. The "fatty" rat (Rattus norvegicus) appeared as a spontaneous mutant. The obese condition appears to be due to a single recessive gene.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the LEFT ATRIUM.
A piperazine derivative and PLATELET AGGREGATION INHIBITOR that is used to prevent THROMBOSIS in patients with ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROME; UNSTABLE ANGINA and MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION, as well as in those undergoing PERCUTANEOUS CORONARY INTERVENTIONS.
Impaired or delayed impulse conduction between the right and left HEART ATRIA. Advanced interatrial blocks are often associated with arrhythmias (e.g., ATRIAL FLUTTER; and ATRIAL FIBRILLATION), direct conduction block via the Bachmann's bundle and concomitant left atrial enlargement. Syndrome of advanced interatrial block associated with SUPRAVENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA is referred to as Bayes syndrome.
Obesity is the condition in which excess fat has accumulated in the body (mostly in subcutaneous tissues). clinical obesity is considered to be present when a person has a BMI of over 30 (Oxford Dictionary of Medicine). It is becoming increasing common i...
Pulmonary relating to or associated with the lungs eg Asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, COPD, Cystic Fibrosis, Influenza, Lung Cancer, Pneumonia, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Sleep Disorders etc Follow and track Lung Cancer News ...
Diabetes Diabetes Endocrine Obesity Oxycontin Renal Disease Thyroid Disorders Endocrinology is the study of the endocrine glands and the hormones that they secrete (Oxford Medical Dictionary). There are several groups of h...