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Hallucinations can occur in single or multiple sensory modalities. Historically, greater attention has been paid to single sensory modality experiences with a comparative neglect of hallucinations that occur across two or more sensory modalities (multi-modal hallucinations). With growing evidence suggesting that visual hallucinations may be experienced along with other hallucinations, this study aimed to explore multi-modal hallucinations in a sample of people with psychotic disorders who reported visual hallucinations (n = 22). No participants reported just visual hallucinations i.e. all reported related or unrelated auditory hallucinations. Twenty-one participants reported multi-modal hallucinations that were serial in nature, whereby they saw visual hallucinations and heard unrelated auditory hallucinations at other times. Nineteen people out of the twenty two also reported simultaneous multi-modal hallucinations, with the most common being an image that talked to and touched them. Multi-modal related and simultaneous hallucinations appeared to be associated with greater conviction that the experiences were real, and greater distress. Theoretical and clinical implications of multi-modal hallucinations are discussed.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Psychiatry research
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Repetitive visual hallucinations experienced mostly by elderly with diminished visual acuity or visual field loss, with awareness of the fictional nature of their hallucinations. It is not associated with delusions and other sensory hallucinations.
Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.
A multi- and interdisciplinary field concerned with improving health and achieving equity in health for all people. It transcends national boundaries, promotes cooperation and collaboration within and beyond health science fields, and combines population-based disease prevention with individually-based patient care.
Marked disorders of thought (delusions, hallucinations, or other thought disorder accompanied by disordered affect or behavior), and deterioration from a previous level of functioning. Individuals have one o more of the following symptoms: delusions, hallucinations, and disorganized speech. (from DSM-5)
An acute organic mental disorder induced by cessation or reduction in chronic alcohol consumption. Clinical characteristics include CONFUSION; DELUSIONS; vivid HALLUCINATIONS; TREMOR; agitation; insomnia; and signs of autonomic hyperactivity (e.g., elevated blood pressure and heart rate, dilated pupils, and diaphoresis). This condition may occasionally be fatal. It was formerly called delirium tremens. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1175)
Hearing, auditory perception, or audition is the ability to perceive sound by detecting vibrations, changes in the pressure of the surrounding medium through time, through an organ such as the ear. Sound may be heard through solid, liquid, or gaseous mat...