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Ascorbic acid better known as vitamin C, is a reducing carbohydrate needed for a variety of functions in the human body. The most important characteristic of ascorbic acid is the ability to donate two electrons, predestining it as a major player in balancing the physiological redox state and as a necessary cofactor in multiple enzymatic hydroxylation processes. Ascorbic acid can be reversibly oxidized in two steps, leading to semidehydroascorbic acid and dehydroascorbic acid, respectively. Further degradation is irreversible and generates highly reactive carbonyl-intermediates. These intermediates are able to induce glycation of proteins, a non-enzymatic and unspecific reaction of carbonyls with amino groups involved to several age-related diseases. In this study, we investigated the effect of ascorbic acid- and dehydroascorbic acid-induced glycation on PC12 cells, which represent a model for neuronal plasticity. We found that both applications of ascorbic acid or dehydroascorbic acid leads to glycation of cellular proteins, but that ascorbic acid interferes more with viability and neurite outgrowth compared with dehydroascorbic acid.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Experimental gerontology
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To investigate the effect of ascorbic acid on angiographic restenosis after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) for dysfunctional dialysis vascular access.
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This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of ascorbic acid when given together with bevacizumab in treating patients with high grade glioma that has come back (recurrent). ...
A condition due to a dietary deficiency of ascorbic acid (vitamin C), characterized by malaise, lethargy, and weakness. As the disease progresses, joints, muscles, and subcutaneous tissues may become the sites of hemorrhage. Ascorbic acid deficiency frequently develops into SCURVY in young children fed unsupplemented cow's milk exclusively during their first year. It develops also commonly in chronic alcoholism. (Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1177)
Myelin proteins that are expressed as three isoforms: Nogo-A, Nogo-B, and Nogo-C. These share a C-terminal reticulon homology domain (RHD), consisting of two hydrophobic membrane domains flanking a 66 amino acid (Nogo-66) hydrophilic region. A long transmembrane region allows conformations that either span the entire membrane or fold into a hairpin conformation. Nogo inhibits NEURITE outgrowth and modulates wiring and the restriction of SYNAPTIC PLASTICITY in the adult central nervous system. It also regulates neurite fasciculation, branching, and extension in the developing nervous system.
Process of organizing neighboring AXONS into a bundle or a fascicle during neurite outgrowth mediated by CELL ADHESION MOLECULES.
A heterogeneous group of compounds derived from rearrangements, oxidation, and cross-linking reactions that follow from non-enzymatic glycation of amino groups in proteins. They are also know as Maillard products. Their accumulation in vivo accelerates under hyperglycemic, oxidative, or inflammatory conditions. Heat also accelerates the formation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) such seen with the browning of food during cooking under or over high heat.
A six carbon compound related to glucose. It is found naturally in citrus fruits and many vegetables. Ascorbic acid is an essential nutrient in human diets, and necessary to maintain connective tissue and bone. Its biologically active form, vitamin C, functions as a reducing agent and coenzyme in several metabolic pathways. Vitamin C is considered an antioxidant.
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