Emerging outcome measures for nutrition trials in the critically ill.

08:00 EDT 24th August 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Emerging outcome measures for nutrition trials in the critically ill."

Mortality has long been the gold-standard outcome measure for intensive care clinical trials. However, as the critical care community begins to understand and accept that survivorship is associated with functional disability and a health and socioeconomic burden, the clinical and research focus has begun to shift towards long-term physical function RECENT
To use mortality as a primary outcome measure, one would either have to choose an improbable effect (e.g. a difference of 5-10% in mortality as a result of a single intervention) or recruit a larger number of patients, the latter being unfeasible for most critical care trials.Outcome measures will need to match interventions. As an example, amino acids, or intermittent feeding, can stimulate muscle protein synthesis, and so prevention of muscle wasting may seem an appropriate outcome measure when assessing the effectiveness of these interventions. Testing the effectiveness of these interventions requires the development of novel outcome measures that are targeted and acceptable to patients. We describe advancements in dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scanning, bio-impedence analysis, MRI and muscle ultrasound in this patient group that are beginning to address this development need.


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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Current opinion in clinical nutrition and metabolic care
ISSN: 1473-6519


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Clinical trials involving one or more test treatments, at least one control treatment, specified outcome measures for evaluating the studied intervention, and a bias-free method for assigning patients to the test treatment. The treatment may be drugs, devices, or procedures studied for diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic effectiveness. Control measures include placebos, active medicines, no-treatment, dosage forms and regimens, historical comparisons, etc. When randomization using mathematical techniques, such as the use of a random numbers table, is employed to assign patients to test or control treatments, the trials are characterized as RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIALS AS TOPIC.

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Works about a study where participants are assigned to a treatment, procedure, or intervention by methods that are not random. Non-randomized clinical trials are sometimes referred to as quasi-experimental clinical trials or non-equivalent control group designs.

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