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Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is a causative agent of porcine circovirus-associated disease (PCVAD), which is a serious problem in the swine industry worldwide. In recent years, nonporcine-origin PCV2 has attracted more and more attention of the researchers. This study reported on the first identification of PCV2 in farmed foxes with reproductive failure. Three fox-origin PCV2 strains were successfully isolated, sequenced and designated as FoxHB1, FoxHB2 and FoxHB3, respectively. Pairwise-sequence comparisons of the complete genomes revealed that three fox-origin PCV2 strains had nucleotide identities varied from 91.9% to 99.7% with representative strains of PCV2 different genotypes. Meanwhile, phylogenetic analysis based on complete genomes of 44 PCV2 strains indicated that the fox-origin PCV2 strains belonged to Chinese epidemic genotypes PCV2b and PCV2d. These results provided the first supported evidence that PCV2 could infect foxes, implying that the cross-species transmission of PCV2 would be a big threat to Chinese fur animal bearing industry. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Transboundary and emerging diseases
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A genus of the family CIRCOVIRIDAE that infects SWINE; PSITTACINES; and non-psittacine BIRDS. Species include Beak and feather disease virus causing a fatal disease in psittacine birds, and Porcine circovirus causing postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome in pigs (PORCINE POSTWEANING MULTISYSTEMIC WASTING SYNDROME).
A worldwide emerging disease of weaned piglets first recognized in swine herds in western Canada in 1997. This syndrome is characterized by progressive weight loss, rapid (tachypnea) and difficult (dyspnea) breathing, and yellowing of skin. PMWS is caused by PORCINE CIRCOVIRUS infection, specifically type 2 or PCV-2.
A method of chemical analysis based on the detection of characteristic radionuclides following a nuclear bombardment. It is also known as radioactivity analysis. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Substances used for the detection, identification, analysis, etc. of chemical, biological, or pathologic processes or conditions. Indicators are substances that change in physical appearance, e.g., color, at or approaching the endpoint of a chemical titration, e.g., on the passage between acidity and alkalinity. Reagents are substances used for the detection or determination of another substance by chemical or microscopical means, especially analysis. Types of reagents are precipitants, solvents, oxidizers, reducers, fluxes, and colorimetric reagents. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed, p301, p499)
MOLECULAR BIOLOGY techniques used in the diagnosis of disease. Included are such techniques as IN SITU HYBRIDIZATION of chromosomes for CYTOGENETIC ANALYSIS; OLIGONUCLEOTIDE ARRAY SEQUENCE ANALYSIS of gene expression patterns in disease states; identification of pathogenic organisms by analysis of species specific DNA sequences; and detection of mutations with POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION.