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Emerging of a highly pathogenic and multi-drug resistant strain of Escherichia coli causing an outbreak of colibacillosis in chickens.

08:00 EDT 26th August 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Emerging of a highly pathogenic and multi-drug resistant strain of Escherichia coli causing an outbreak of colibacillosis in chickens."

Extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) are important human pathogens responsible for urinary tract infection and meningitis. Therefore, infection of chickens by highly pathogenic E. coli with multi-drug resistance has become a major concern to food safety. In this study, we isolated a strain of E. coli (HB2016) from the oviduct of a diseased chicken with colibacillosis. Inoculation of chickens with 2 × 10 CFU of the isolate E. coli HB2016 by intraperitoneal injection successfully reproduced colibacillosis in chickens. We also found that E. coli HB2016 harbored four more virulence genes (tsh, trat, cvaC and cvaA/B) than E. coli reference strain CVCC1428. Importantly, E. coli HB2016 was resistant to cefuroxime, tobramycin, medemycin, cefazolin, cefoperazone, streptomycin and ampicillin, and carried multiple antibiotic resistance genes such as strA, strB, bla, bla, bla, fosA, mph(A), floR, sul2, tet(A) and tet(B). These findings suggest that the causative E. coli act as a potential zoonotic agent affecting human health.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Infection, genetics and evolution : journal of molecular epidemiology and evolutionary genetics in infectious diseases
ISSN: 1567-7257
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Strains of Escherichia coli that possess virulence traits which allow them to invade, colonize, and induce disease in tissues outside of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT. They are a cause of URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS (UROPATHOGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI); neonatal MENINGITIS; SEPSIS; PNEUMONIA; and SURGICAL WOUND INFECTION.

A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.

An enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli of the O subfamily that can cause severe FOODBORNE DISEASE. The H4 serotype strain produces SHIGA TOXINS and has been linked to human disease outbreaks, including some cases of HEMOLYTIC-UREMIC SYNDROME, resulting from contamination of foods by feces containing E. coli O104.

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A toxin produced by certain pathogenic strains of ESCHERICHIA COLI such as ESCHERICHIA COLI O157. It is closely related to SHIGA TOXIN produced by SHIGELLA DYSENTERIAE.

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