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Name: AIDS (London, England)
Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a major component of the HBV elimination efforts in every country. We thank Drs. Mubarak and Ferstenberg for highlighting the A...
Eliminating perinatal transmission of HIV and improving the care of childbearing women living with HIV in the United States require public health and clinical leadership. The Comprehensive Care Workgr...
Most people with epilepsy live in tropical countries. Perinatal factors seem to play a significant role in the occurrence of epilepsy. Available data provide different and sometimes contradictory conc...
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is by far the most common fetal viral infection. It carries a risk of long-term sequelae for the neonate; though the severity depends on the gestational age at the time...
To investigate potential risk factors for perinatal (intrauterine and intrapartum) mother-to-child transmission of HIV (MTCT) in women unexposed to Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) during pregnancy.
To identify patterns of zidovudine ( AZT ) susceptibility among mother/infant pairs with perinatal HIV transmission. Most HIV-infected infants acquire their disease via perinatal transmis...
Giving anti-HIV medications to babies born of HIV positive mothers right after birth can lower the babies' risk of contracting HIV. This study will assess the safety and efficacy of two di...
The purpose of this study is to examine the safety and tolerability of ZDV when given to premature infants born to HIV-positive women to prevent HIV infection. ZDV has been used successfu...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Telbivudine in pregnancy for the prevention of HBV perinatal transmission in highly viraemic mothers.
Anti-HIV drug regimens have dramatically improved the rates of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV in developed countries. However, little is known of the effectivene...
A type of cardiac arrhythmia with premature contractions of the HEART VENTRICLES. It is characterized by the premature QRS complex on ECG that is of abnormal shape and great duration (generally >129 msec). It is the most common form of all cardiac arrhythmias. Premature ventricular complexes have no clinical significance except in concurrence with heart diseases.
The branch of medicine dealing with the fetus and infant during the perinatal period. The perinatal period begins with the twenty-eighth week of gestation and ends twenty-eight days after birth. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
Onset of OBSTETRIC LABOR before term (TERM BIRTH) but usually after the FETUS has become viable. In humans, it occurs sometime during the 29th through 38th week of PREGNANCY. TOCOLYSIS inhibits premature labor and can prevent the BIRTH of premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE).
The premature cessation of menses (MENSTRUATION) when the last menstrual period occurs in a woman under the age of 40. It is due to the depletion of OVARIAN FOLLICLES. Premature MENOPAUSE can be caused by diseases; OVARIECTOMY; RADIATION; chemicals; and chromosomal abnormalities.
A type of cardiac arrhythmia with premature atrial contractions or beats caused by signals originating from ectopic atrial sites. The ectopic signals may or may not conduct to the HEART VENTRICLES. Atrial premature complexes are characterized by premature P waves on ECG which are different in configuration from the P waves generated by the normal pacemaker complex in the SINOATRIAL NODE.
Reverse transcriptase (RT) is an enzyme used to generate complementary DNA (cDNA) from an RNA template, a process termed reverse transcription. It is mainly associated with retroviruses. RT inhibitors are widely used as antiretroviral drugs. RT activitie...