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Hypertensive emergencies are those situations where very high blood pressure (BP) values are associated with acute organ damage, and therefore, require immediate, but careful, BP reduction. The type of acute organ damage is the principal determinant of: (i) the drug of choice, (ii) the target BP, and (iii) the timeframe in which BP should be lowered. Key target organs are the heart, retina, brain, kidneys, and large arteries. Patients who lack acute hypertension-mediated end organ damage do not have a hypertensive emergency and can usually be treated with oral BP-lowering agents and usually discharged after a brief period of observation.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: European heart journal. Cardiovascular pharmacotherapy
Arterial hypertension represents one of the most frequent chronic diseases that can lead to complications, such as stroke, dementia, heart attack, heart failure and renal failure. By 2025 the number o...
: This article is a comprehensive document on the diagnosis and management of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) which was commissioned by the Working Group 'Hypertension and the Kidney' of the European So...
Arterial hypertension is associated with autonomic nervous system dysfunction. Different interventional strategies have been implemented in recent years for the reduction of sympathetic activity in pa...
Poorly-controlled hypertension in the first trimester significantly increases maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. The majority of guidelines and clinical trials focus on the management and tre...
Comparison of telemedical prehospital emergency care and conventional on-scene physician based care of hypertensive emergencies and urgencies. The adherence to current Guidelines should be...
Background: Hypertension is an increasing global problem and measures are needed against the emerging hypertensive burden. Management of the risk factor hypertension consists of medical t...
The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the use of a digital health offering in the management of persistent hypertension during chronic anti-hypertensive treatment.
Hypertension is considered a serious public health problem. The imbalance in autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity is one of the main triggers in the development and maintenance of hyper...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a proprietary nutraceutical supplement in capsule form over 4 months in treating blood pressure in a group of chronic hy...
A nonselective alpha-adrenergic antagonist. It is used in the treatment of hypertension and hypertensive emergencies, pheochromocytoma, vasospasm of RAYNAUD DISEASE and frostbite, clonidine withdrawal syndrome, impotence, and peripheral vascular disease.
Bleeding within the SKULL that is caused by systemic HYPERTENSION, usually in association with INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOSCLEROSIS. Hypertensive hemorrhages are most frequent in the BASAL GANGLIA; CEREBELLUM; PONS; and THALAMUS; but may also involve the CEREBRAL CORTEX, subcortical white matter, and other brain structures.
A benzothiadiazine derivative that is a peripheral vasodilator used for hypertensive emergencies. It lacks diuretic effect, apparently because it lacks a sulfonamide group.
A condition of markedly elevated BLOOD PRESSURE with DIASTOLIC PRESSURE usually greater than 120 mm Hg. Malignant hypertension is characterized by widespread vascular damage, PAPILLEDEMA, retinopathy, HYPERTENSIVE ENCEPHALOPATHY, and renal dysfunction.
Degenerative changes to the RETINA due to HYPERTENSION.
Nephrology - kidney function
Nephrology is a specialty of medicine and pediatrics that concerns itself with the study of normal kidney function, kidney problems, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney transplantation). Systemic conditions...
Clinical Approvals Clinical Trials Drug Approvals Drug Delivery Drug Discovery Generics Drugs Prescription Drugs In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which drugs are dis...