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As practice effects are common in neuropsychological assessment, this study analyzed their utility to identify individuals with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) at the greatest risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD-risk) and compared practice effects with APOE and brain metabolism biomarkers. We regressed Auditory Verbal Learning Test delayed recall (AVLT-DR) at 6 months on baseline AVLT-DR scores in 394 individuals with normal cognition from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative database and dichotomized 816 individuals with aMCI as showing practice effect or not showing practice effects (PE-) when the discrepancy between observed and predicted scores was found in less than 10%, 7%, and 5% of normal cognition. Cox regressions analyzed the AD-risk at 6 years. More than 60% of aMCI were showing practice effects. Controlling for age, sex, education, and baseline Mini-Mental State Examination and AVLT-DR scores, the AD-risk was associated with PE- [hazard ratio (HR) = 1.93], lower brain metabolism (HR = 0.95), and APOE genotype (HR = 1.92), with narrower risk estimates for PE-. The lack of practice effects during a 6-month period might be as precise as biomarkers for predicting the 6-year AD-risk.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Neurobiology of aging
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Abnormal structures located chiefly in distal dendrites and, along with NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES and SENILE PLAQUES, constitute the three morphological hallmarks of ALZHEIMER DISEASE. Neuropil threads are made up of straight and paired helical filaments which consist of abnormally phosphorylated microtubule-associated tau proteins. It has been suggested that the threads have a major role in the cognitive impairment seen in Alzheimer disease.
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent or treat ALZHEIMER DISEASE.
A benzazepine derived from norbelladine. It is found in GALANTHUS and other AMARYLLIDACEAE. It is a cholinesterase inhibitor that has been used to reverse the muscular effects of GALLAMINE TRIETHIODIDE and TUBOCURARINE and has been studied as a treatment for ALZHEIMER DISEASE and other central nervous system disorders.
A cholinesterase inhibitor that crosses the blood-brain barrier. Tacrine has been used to counter the effects of muscle relaxants, as a respiratory stimulant, and in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease and other central nervous system disorders.
A progressive form of dementia characterized by the global loss of language abilities and initial preservation of other cognitive functions. Fluent and nonfluent subtypes have been described. Eventually a pattern of global cognitive dysfunction, similar to ALZHEIMER DISEASE, emerges. Pathologically, there are no Alzheimer or PICK DISEASE like changes, however, spongiform changes of cortical layers II and III are present in the TEMPORAL LOBE and FRONTAL LOBE. (From Brain 1998 Jan;121(Pt 1):115-26)
Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
Alzheimer's Disease Anesthesia Anxiety Disorders Autism Bipolar Disorders Dementia Epilepsy Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Neurology Pain Parkinson's Disease Sleep Disorders Neurology is the branch of me...
Hearing, auditory perception, or audition is the ability to perceive sound by detecting vibrations, changes in the pressure of the surrounding medium through time, through an organ such as the ear. Sound may be heard through solid, liquid, or gaseous mat...