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The purpose of this study is to evaluate post-operative length of stay (LOS) following surgical repair of congenital heart defects (CHD) and to investigate baseline pre-operative factors and predictors of post-operative LOS (pLOS). Retrospective chart review of all cases of corrective surgery for CHD performed at the Pediatric Cardiology Unit, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah during January 2013-December 2016. Baseline demographics, clinical factors, pre-operative, intra-operative, post-operative cardiac and extra-cardiac complications were analyzed as independent factors of pLOS using stepwise linear regression. Kaplan-Meier (KM) survival analysis was used to analyze the correlation of pLOS (in days) with the independent variables and estimate the probability to exceeding a given pLOS. A total 191 patients (52.4% male, 49.7% aged ≤ 1 year) were included with a median [range] LOS = 10 [3, 158] days. Several baseline clinical factors were associated with longer pLOS such as complex CHD types (tetralogy of Fallot, transposition of great arteries, etc.), high-risk RACHS categories and low weight at surgery. Independent risk factors of pLOS included pre-operative hemoglobin level (unstandardized regression coefficient: B = 2.96, p = 0.036) as the only pre-operative predictor of LOS, besides intra-operative complications (B = 11.72, p = 0.009) and posto-perative factors including MV duration (B = 9.39, p < 0.001), diet/feeding problems (B = 10.27, p = 0.001) and drain tube stay (B = 3.82, p = 0.003). KM survival curves confirmed that these factors increased the probability for longer LOS. Post-operative LOS was associated with several baseline and peri-operative factors; however, it was independently predicted by abnormal baseline hemoglobin level, the occurrence of intra-operative complications, besides post-operative feeding problems, chest drain stay, and MV duration.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Pediatric cardiology
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