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Placebo hypoalgesia has been found to play an important role in every health care by modulating patients' responses to pharmacologically active analgesic treatments. It may be seen as reflecting the capacity for endogenous pain modulation. Enhancing the efficacy of analgesic treatments by boosting endogenous pain modulation might be particularly relevant for chronic pain patients. Research into placebo hypoalgesic responses to chronic pain is sparse, however. In healthy subjects, placebo hypoalgesia is induced by expectations of pain relief through verbal information and learning experiences. Here we review the existing evidence on placebo hypoalgesia to chronic pain. To our knowledge, placebo hypoalgesia to chronic pain has been investigated experimentally in chronic back and chronic musculoskeletal pain, neuropathic pain after thoracotomy, and episodic migraine. Results point towards a maintenance of placebo hypoalgesic responses in chronic pain populations, thus highlighting the potential benefit of boosting placebo hypoalgesic responses in the treatment of chronic pain. Strategies on boosting placebo hypoalgesic responses in every day healthcare are presented.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Anasthesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie : AINS
Among movement disorders and medicine in general, PD is one of the conditions for which there is a greater knowledge of the placebo and nocebo responses. In other movement disorders, the knowledge of ...
Despite enormous differences between acute and chronic pain, numerical pain scale (NRS) is commonly used in pain research and in clinical practice for assessing the intensity of both acute and chronic...
Placebo and nocebo effects are currently within the focus of clinical and experimental pain research. Neurophysiological and psychophysiological mechanisms might play an important role. Placebo and no...
The effects of eccentric exercises on clinical outcomes and central pain mechanisms are unclear in neck/shoulder pain (NSP). The aims were to (1) evaluate the clinical impact of unilateral eccentric t...
Chronic pain in persons living with HIV (PLWH) may be related to alterations in endogenous pain modulatory processes (e.g., high facilitation and low inhibition of nociception) that promote exaggerate...
The Massachusetts General Hospital Center for Translational Pain Research is seeking patients with chronic pain for a research study. The study is looking at the effect of opioid (narcoti...
Resting state fMRI scans of chronic pain sufferers will be compared to those of healthy normals and may be sufficiently different to allow a high level of classification accuracy of whethe...
This research is planned to build a basis about effect of acupuncture for chronic low back pain with economical efficacy. It is consisted with two sub research. First,clinical research to...
Primary Objective of this study: To assess experimental heat pain responses (pain intensity, pain unpleasantness, pain catastrophizing, emotional reactivity) in migraineurs vs. healthy con...
The primary study intent is to examine biological mechanisms associated with acute and chronic treatment responses in major depressive disorder (MDD). It is hypothesized that treatment res...
Committees established by professional societies, health facilities, or other institutions to consider decisions that have bioethical implications. The role of these committees may include consultation, education, mediation, and/or review of policies and practices. Committees that consider the ethical dimensions of patient care are ETHICS COMMITTEES, CLINICAL; committees established to protect the welfare of research subjects are ETHICS COMMITTEES, RESEARCH.
Misunderstanding among individuals, frequently research subjects, of scientific methods such as randomization and placebo controls.
Research carried out by nurses in the clinical setting and designed to provide information that will help improve patient care. Other professional staff may also participate in the research.
A state of prolonged irreversible cessation of all brain activity, including lower brain stem function with the complete absence of voluntary movements, responses to stimuli, brain stem reflexes, and spontaneous respirations. Reversible conditions which mimic this clinical state (e.g., sedative overdose, hypothermia, etc.) are excluded prior to making the determination of brain death. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp348-9)
Research carried out by nurses, generally in clinical settings, in the areas of clinical practice, evaluation, nursing education, nursing administration, and methodology.
An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...
Pain is a feeling (sharp or dull) triggered in the nervous system which can be transient or constant. Pain can be specific to one area of the body eg back, abdomen or chest or more general all over the body eg muscles ache from the flu. Without pain ...