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Efficiency and the preservation of soil functions are key requirements for sustainable remediation of contaminated soil. Microbial decomposition and conversion of substrates is a fundamental soil function. Pilot-scale EDTA-based soil washing recycled chelant generated no wastewater and removed 78% of Pb from acidic farmland soil with 860 mg kg Pb and 60% of Pb from calcareous garden soil with 1030 mg kg Pb. Remediation had an insignificant effect on microbial respiration in acidic soil induced by sequential additions of glucose, micro-cellulose, starch and alfa-alfa sprout powder (mimicking litter components, C-cycle). In contrast, remediation of calcareous soil reduced cumulative CO production after glucose (simple) and alfalfa (complex substrate) addition, by up to 40%. Remediation reduced the nitrification rate (denoting the N-cycle) in acidic soil by 30% and halved nitrification in calcareous soil. Remediation in both soils slightly or positively affected dehydrogenase and β-glucosidase activity (associated with C-cycle), and decreased urease activity (N-cycle). Generally, EDTA remediation modestly interfered with substrate utilisation in acidic soil. A more prominent effect of remediation on the functioning of calcareous soil could largely be attributed to the use of a higher EDTA dose (30 vs. 100 mmol kg, respectively).
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987)
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A characteristic feature of enzyme activity in relation to the kind of substrate on which the enzyme or catalytic molecule reacts.
Methods used to measure the relative activity of a specific enzyme or its concentration in solution. Typically an enzyme substrate is added to a buffer solution containing enzyme and the rate of conversion of substrate to product is measured under controlled conditions. Many classical enzymatic assay methods involve the use of synthetic colorimetric substrates and measuring the reaction rates using a spectrophotometer.
A catatoxic steroid and microsomal enzyme inducer having significant effects on the induction of cytochrome P450. It has also demonstrated the potential for protective capability against acetaminophen-induced liver damage.
The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).
Compounds or agents that combine with an enzyme in such a manner as to prevent the normal substrate-enzyme combination and the catalytic reaction.
Enzymes are proteins that catalyze (i.e., increase the rates of) chemical reactions. In enzymatic reactions, the molecules at the beginning of the process, called substrates, are converted into different molecules, called products. Almost all chemical re...