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Multi-substrate induced microbial respiration, nitrification potential and enzyme activities in metal-polluted, EDTA-washed soils.

08:00 EDT 27th August 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Multi-substrate induced microbial respiration, nitrification potential and enzyme activities in metal-polluted, EDTA-washed soils."

Efficiency and the preservation of soil functions are key requirements for sustainable remediation of contaminated soil. Microbial decomposition and conversion of substrates is a fundamental soil function. Pilot-scale EDTA-based soil washing recycled chelant generated no wastewater and removed 78% of Pb from acidic farmland soil with 860 mg kg Pb and 60% of Pb from calcareous garden soil with 1030 mg kg Pb. Remediation had an insignificant effect on microbial respiration in acidic soil induced by sequential additions of glucose, micro-cellulose, starch and alfa-alfa sprout powder (mimicking litter components, C-cycle). In contrast, remediation of calcareous soil reduced cumulative CO production after glucose (simple) and alfalfa (complex substrate) addition, by up to 40%. Remediation reduced the nitrification rate (denoting the N-cycle) in acidic soil by 30% and halved nitrification in calcareous soil. Remediation in both soils slightly or positively affected dehydrogenase and β-glucosidase activity (associated with C-cycle), and decreased urease activity (N-cycle). Generally, EDTA remediation modestly interfered with substrate utilisation in acidic soil. A more prominent effect of remediation on the functioning of calcareous soil could largely be attributed to the use of a higher EDTA dose (30 vs. 100 mmol kg, respectively).

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987)
ISSN: 1873-6424
Pages: 238-245

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A characteristic feature of enzyme activity in relation to the kind of substrate on which the enzyme or catalytic molecule reacts.

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