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Sulfation disposition of liquiritigenin in SULT1A3 overexpressing HEK293 cells: The role of breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) and multidrug resistance-associated protein 4 (MRP4) in sulfate efflux of liquiritigenin.

08:00 EDT 31st August 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Sulfation disposition of liquiritigenin in SULT1A3 overexpressing HEK293 cells: The role of breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) and multidrug resistance-associated protein 4 (MRP4) in sulfate efflux of liquiritigenin."

This study aimed to investigate the cellular disposition of liquiritigenin via the sulfonation pathway and the role of efflux transporters in liquiritigenin sulfate excretion. The sulfonation disposition of liquiritigenin was investigated using SULT1A3 overexpressed HEK293 cells (HEK-SULT1A3 cells). Liquiritigenin generated one mono-sulfate metabolite (7-O-sulfate) in HEK-SULT1A3 cell lysate. And the sulfonation followed the Michaelis-Menten kinetic (V = 0.84 nmol/min/mg and K = 7.12 μM). Expectedly, recombinant SULT1A3 (hSULT1A3) showed a highly similar kinetic profile with cell lysate. Furthermore, 7-O-sulfate was rapidly generated and excreted in HEK-SULT1A3 cells. Ko143 (a BCRP-selective inhibitor) at 20 μM significantly decreased the excretion rate of liquiritigenin sulfate (>42.5%, p < 0.001). Moreover, the pan-MRPs inhibitor MK-571 at 20 μM essentially abolished the liquiritigenin sulfate effluxion, resulting in the marked reduction of excretion rate (>97.4%, p < 0.001). Furthermore, knockdown of BCRP led to moderate reduction in sulfate excretion (15.9%-16.9%, p < 0.05). Silencing of MRP4 caused significant decreased in sulfate excretion (20.2%-32.5%, p < 0.01). In conclusion, one sulfate metabolite was generated from liquiritigenin in HEK-SULT1A3 cells. BCRP and MRP4 should be the key factors for the cellular excretion of liquiritigenin sulfate.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: European journal of pharmaceutical sciences : official journal of the European Federation for Pharmaceutical Sciences
ISSN: 1879-0720
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