Advertisement

Topics

The psychological effects of physical exercise: A controlled study of the placebo effect.

08:00 EDT 4th September 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "The psychological effects of physical exercise: A controlled study of the placebo effect."

The research on well-being and physical exercise point to the possibility of a placebo effect. This study analyzes the effect of expectancy manipulation on psychological (well-being and self-esteem) and physical (agility and cardiorespiratory fitness) outcomes after a seven-week program of aerobic training. 114 undergraduate students (age M = 19.81, SD = 1.75; 86.1% women) were randomized into G1 - No Exercise (n = 13), G2 - Exercise only (n = 15), G3 - Exercise + Manipulation of expectations: No psychological effect (n = 17) and G4 - Exercise + Manipulation of expectations: Psychological effect (n = 21). Outcome measures were the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, the Well-Being subscale of the Subjective Exercise Experiences Scale, the Agility T-test and the 20-meter Shuttle Run Test. Paired t-tests showed significant improvements from baseline in self-esteem, agility, and cardiovascular fitness for the exercise groups. G4 also showed a significant improvement in well-being. ANCOVA with adjustments for the baseline measures was used to test between-group differences at the end of the program. The only significant differences at posttest were between G1 and the exercise groups. The data do not support a differential effect of elevated expectations of psychological benefits on the participants' self-esteem or psychological well-being after an aerobic training program. Future research should analyze whether reinforcing expectations more frequently throughout the program might show a more robust influence.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Scandinavian journal of psychology
ISSN: 1467-9450
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [48851 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

The Effects of Exercise on Physical and Psychological Outcomes in Cancer Caregivers: Results From the RECHARGE Randomized Controlled Trial.

Family caregivers to cancer patients are at risk for physical and psychological morbidity as a direct result of being in the caregiver role. Exercise as an intervention to support caregiver health and...

Effect of high-dose ginsenoside complex (UG0712) supplementation on physical performance of healthy adults during a 12-week supervised exercise program: A randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial.

Ginseng has been used as an ergogenic agent, although evidence for its effectiveness is weak. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted to evaluate the effect of a gi...

The reversal effect of physical exercise on aging-related increases in APPL2 content in skeletal muscle.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of aging on intracellular adiponectin signaling and the possible therapeutic effect of physical exercise.

Placebo Effects in Acute Pain Therapy.

Placebo and nocebo effects are currently within the focus of clinical and experimental pain research. Neurophysiological and psychophysiological mechanisms might play an important role. Placebo and no...

Influence of Vitamin D Supplementation by Sunlight or Oral D3 on Exercise Performance.

To determine the relationship between vitamin D status and exercise performance in a large, prospective cohort study of young men and women across seasons (Study-1). Then, in a randomized, placebo-con...

Clinical Trials [29343 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Evaluation of Effect of Exercise on Prescription - a Psychological Perspective

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of a primary healthcare intervention called 'Exercise on Prescription' aimed at increasing level of physical activity and psychological ...

The Effects of Intradialytic Exercise in Hemodiafiltration Patients

Low physical activity is associated with in hemodialysis and hemodiafiltration (HDF) patients. Previous studies showed the benefits of intradialytic exercise for improvement of physical fi...

Exercise Intervention to Prevent Falls and Fractures : The Ossébo Study

1. Primary objective: to evaluate the effectiveness of exercise for prevention of falls accompanied by fractures or other serious physical traumas. 2. Secondary objectives: ...

Physical Exercise and Energy Balance

This study is a randomized controlled trial, designed to evaluate the effect of structured physical exercise sessions on the spontaneous physical activity energy expenditure and caloric in...

Comparing Effects and Neural Mechanisms of Tai Chi and Light-to-Moderate Intensity Aerobic Exercises

In this three-year project, investigators will target on sedentary middle-aged and older adults with cardiovascular risks, prescribe 24-week Tai Chi or aerobic exercises and examine: 1....

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Controlled physical activity, more strenuous than at rest, which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used. The intensity of exercise is often graded, using criteria such as rate of work done, oxygen consumption, and heart rate.

An effect usually, but not necessarily, beneficial that is attributable to an expectation that the regimen will have an effect, i.e., the effect is due to the power of suggestion.

Physical manipulation of animals and humans to induce a behavioral or other psychological reaction. In experimental psychology, the animal is handled to induce a stress situation or to study the effects of "gentling" or "mothering".

Diet modification and physical exercise to improve the ability to carry out daily tasks and perform physical activities.

Tapering-off physical activity from vigorous to light, to gradually return the body to pre-exercise condition and metabolic state.

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Women's Health
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...

Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) Blood Cardiovascular Dialysis Hypertension Stent Stroke Vascular Cardiovascular disease (CVD) includes all the diseases of the heart and circulation including coronary heart disease (angina...


Searches Linking to this Article