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Pegylated interferon alfa-2a (PEG-IFN alfa-2a), which was developed to overcome the disadvantages of conventional formulations, is widely prescribed for hepatitis B or C virus infection. It is characterized by pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) properties much different from those of conventional forms. The present study developed a population PK-PD model of subcutaneous PEG-IFN α-2a in a Korean population. For PK, IFN alfa-2a concentrations were described by a one compartment model with first order absorption, preceded by skin-to-depot first order input. For PD, serum 2'-5' oligoadenylsynthetase (2'-5' OAS) activity was described by an effect compartment model incorporating a tolerance compartment. The baseline serum 2'-5' OAS level was found to have an inverse relationship with sensitivity to tolerance, leading to high tolerance at low baseline. The model revealed that subjects with low baselines experienced time delay, while those with high baselines showed tolerance in their concentration-effect relationships. The developed models matched well with data and simulation results, and the model showed that the optimal dose decreases with the baseline, with no dose effective for a baseline > 250pmol/dl. Our results can serve as a basis for improving dosing regimens of PEG-IFN α-2a in adult patients with chronic hepatitis B or C infection.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of pharmaceutical sciences
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A recombinant alfa interferon consisting of 165 amino acids with arginine at positions 23 and 34. It is used extensively as an antiviral and antineoplastic agent.
A recombinant alfa interferon consisting of 165 amino acids with lysine at position 23 and histidine at position 34. It is used extensively as an antiviral and antineoplastic agent.
A recombinant alfa interferon consisting of 165 amino acid residues with arginine in position 23 and histidine in position 34. It is used extensively as an antiviral and antineoplastic agent.
Interferon secreted by leukocytes, fibroblasts, or lymphoblasts in response to viruses or interferon inducers other than mitogens, antigens, or allo-antigens. They include alpha- and beta-interferons (INTERFERON-ALPHA and INTERFERON-BETA).
An interferon regulatory factor that binds upstream TRANSCRIPTIONAL REGULATORY ELEMENTS in the GENES for INTERFERON-ALPHA and INTERFERON-BETA. It functions as a transcriptional activator for the INTERFERON TYPE I genes.
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