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Pegylated interferon alfa-2a (PEG-IFN alfa-2a), which was developed to overcome the disadvantages of conventional formulations, is widely prescribed for hepatitis B or C virus infection. It is characterized by pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) properties much different from those of conventional forms. The present study developed a population PK-PD model of subcutaneous PEG-IFN α-2a in a Korean population. For PK, IFN alfa-2a concentrations were described by a one compartment model with first order absorption, preceded by skin-to-depot first order input. For PD, serum 2'-5' oligoadenylsynthetase (2'-5' OAS) activity was described by an effect compartment model incorporating a tolerance compartment. The baseline serum 2'-5' OAS level was found to have an inverse relationship with sensitivity to tolerance, leading to high tolerance at low baseline. The model revealed that subjects with low baselines experienced time delay, while those with high baselines showed tolerance in their concentration-effect relationships. The developed models matched well with data and simulation results, and the model showed that the optimal dose decreases with the baseline, with no dose effective for a baseline > 250pmol/dl. Our results can serve as a basis for improving dosing regimens of PEG-IFN α-2a in adult patients with chronic hepatitis B or C infection.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of pharmaceutical sciences
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To compare the efficacy of topical 5-fluorouracil 1% (5FU) and interferon alfa-2b 1 MIU/mL (IFN) eye drops as primary treatment modalities for ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN).
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The purpose of this study is to determine if 24 weeks of treatment with Pegylated Interferon Lambda plus Ribavirin and 12 weeks of treatment with Pegylated Interferon Lambda plus Ribavirin...
The primary purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy of pegylated interferon alfa-2b (PEG Intron, C98026) versus interferon alfa-2b (Intron® A) in the treatment of participants wi...
Combination Therapy With Pegylated Interferon and Ribavirin in Patients With Chronic Hepatitis C Genotype 2 or 3 Infection Who Previously Have Relapsed After Therapy With Pegylated Interferon and Ribavirin
To evaluate the efficacy of pegylated interferon alfa-2a 40 kD (PEGASYS) combination therapy with ribavirin (Copegus)given for 24 or 48 weeks in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) vir...
A recombinant alfa interferon consisting of 165 amino acids with arginine at positions 23 and 34. It is used extensively as an antiviral and antineoplastic agent.
A recombinant alfa interferon consisting of 165 amino acids with lysine at position 23 and histidine at position 34. It is used extensively as an antiviral and antineoplastic agent.
A recombinant alfa interferon consisting of 165 amino acid residues with arginine in position 23 and histidine in position 34. It is used extensively as an antiviral and antineoplastic agent.
Interferon secreted by leukocytes, fibroblasts, or lymphoblasts in response to viruses or interferon inducers other than mitogens, antigens, or allo-antigens. They include alpha- and beta-interferons (INTERFERON-ALPHA and INTERFERON-BETA).
An interferon regulatory factor that binds upstream TRANSCRIPTIONAL REGULATORY ELEMENTS in the GENES for INTERFERON-ALPHA and INTERFERON-BETA. It functions as a transcriptional activator for the INTERFERON TYPE I genes.
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