Corpus callosum microstructure is associated with motor function in preschool children.

08:00 EDT 3rd September 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Corpus callosum microstructure is associated with motor function in preschool children."

The preschool period is a time of significant physical and behavioral growth, including the improvement of gross and fine motor skills. Although motor development has been comprehensively mapped from infancy to adulthood, the neural correlates associated with motor advancements during early childhood remain unclear. The current study used diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to delineate key motor pathways and characterize their relationships with motor performance in 80 typically developing preschool children, aged 3-6 years. The Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2nd edition (MABC-II) was used to assess motor functioning. Partial correlations between DTI parameters and motor performance, controlling for sex and age, revealed a positive correlation between motor performance and fractional anisotropy of corpus callosum motor fibers, as well as negative correlations of motor performance with mean and radial diffusivity. These results appear to be driving by females, as correlations were significant in girls but not boys when analyzed separately. Mean corticospinal tract (CST) diffusion parameters were not significantly related to motor performance, but relationships were observed at regionally specific locations along the bilateral CST. These findings suggest preschool-aged children with better motor performance show more mature white matter patterns within motor pathways, and that the structural variation in these pathways may partially account for the natural variability in motor performance.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: NeuroImage
ISSN: 1095-9572


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Birth defect that results in a partial or complete absence of the CORPUS CALLOSUM. It may be isolated or a part of a syndrome (e.g., AICARDI'S SYNDROME; ACROCALLOSAL SYNDROME; ANDERMANN SYNDROME; and HOLOPROSENCEPHALY). Clinical manifestations include neuromotor skill impairment and INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY of variable severity.

Set of nerve fibers that cross the midline of the TELENCEPHALON. They include the ANTERIOR COMMISSURE; the CORPUS CALLOSUM; and the HIPPOCAMPAL COMMISSURE of the fornix.

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Complete severing of the CORPUS CALLOSUM. In humans it is usually performed to treat medically intractable, multifocal EPILEPSY. EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL MODELS of split brain preparations are used in research.

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Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...

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