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Gemcitabine-Incorporated G-Quadruplex Aptamer for Targeted Drug Delivery into Pancreas Cancer.

08:00 EDT 7th September 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Gemcitabine-Incorporated G-Quadruplex Aptamer for Targeted Drug Delivery into Pancreas Cancer."

Gemcitabine has been considered a first-line chemotherapy agent for the treatment of pancreatic cancer. However, the initial response rate of gemcitabine is low and chemoresistance occurs frequently. Aptamers can be effectively internalized into cancer cells via binding to target molecules with high affinity and specificity. In the current study, we constructed an aptamer-based gemcitabine delivery system, APTA-12, and assessed its therapeutic effects on pancreatic cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. APTA-12 was effective in vitro and in vivo in pancreatic cancer cells with high expression of nucleolin. The results of in vitro cytotoxicity assays indicated that APTA-12 inhibited the growth of pancreatic cancer cell lines. In vivo evaluation showed that APTA-12 effectively inhibited the growth of pancreatic cancer in Capan-1 tumor-bearing mice compared to mice that received gemcitabine alone or vehicle. These results suggest that the gemcitabine-incorporated APTA-12 aptamer may be a promising targeted therapeutic strategy for pancreatic cancer.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Molecular therapy. Nucleic acids
ISSN: 2162-2531
Pages: 543-553

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Forms to which substances are incorporated to improve the delivery and the effectiveness of drugs. Drug carriers are used in drug-delivery systems such as the controlled-release technology to prolong in vivo drug actions, decrease drug metabolism, and reduce drug toxicity. Carriers are also used in designs to increase the effectiveness of drug delivery to the target sites of pharmacological actions. Liposomes, albumin microspheres, soluble synthetic polymers, DNA complexes, protein-drug conjugates, and carrier erythrocytes among others have been employed as biodegradable drug carriers.

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