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In a wide spectrum of cases in childhood, macrocephaly does not carry a neurological risk, although a range of possibilities will have an impact on both the evolutionary and cognitive aspects of children. The previous happens in pathologies with progressive components, such as tumors or hydrocephalus, and in those cases in which the factor of the growth of the cephalic perimeter is given by structural components of the nervous system as it happens in megalocephaly. As in all other medical acts, the careful taking of the anamnesis, the appropriate neurological examination and the valuations of the neurodevelopment items can give a thorough orientation about the etiology and importance of the problem. The help of diagnostic aids as well as images will provide the other data to define the diagnosis and propose a treatment.
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Macrocephaly is a relatively common clinical condition affecting up to 5% of the pediatric population. It is defined as an abnormally large head with an occipitofrontal circumference greater than 2 st...
To examine the occurrence and outcomes of fetuses with wide subarachnoid space without ventriculomegaly in pregnant women with fetal macrocephaly as a sole diagnosis.
Childhood overweight and obesity affects more and more children. Whilst associations of childhood overweight with later outcomes such as hypertension, diabetes and cardiovascular disease have been wel...
To determine whether childhood body mass index (BMI), assessed in childhood, differs between lesbian/gay and bisexual (LGB) and heterosexual late adolescents, and whether childhood social stressors im...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of a culturally-appropriate childhood obesity intervention with Hispanic families. The program aims at preventing childhood obesity b...
The SCCSS is designed to investigate which long-term effects childhood cancer and its treatment have on survivors, and includes those who were under 21 when they were diagnosed. The SCCSS ...
In the current study, we analyzed the surgical RWD of 2,421 children with childhood cataracts from the Childhood Cataract Program of the Chinese Ministry of Health (CCPMOH) at the Zhognsha...
The objective of this study is to test and evaluate the effectiveness of a parent-only treatment for childhood obesity. This study provides state-of-the-art treatment for childhood obesit...
The molecular mechanisms underlying developmental programming of childhood obesity remain poorly understood. Here, the investigators address major questions about early childhood obesity p...
An obsolete concept, historically used for childhood mental disorders thought to be a form of schizophrenia.
Mental disorders related to feeding and eating that are usually diagnosed in infancy or early childhood.
Those psychiatric disorders usually first diagnosed in infancy, childhood, or adolescence. These disorders can also be first diagnosed during other life stages.
A congenital abnormality in which the occipitofrontal circumference is greater than two standard deviations above the mean for a given age. It is associated with HYDROCEPHALUS; SUBDURAL EFFUSION; ARACHNOID CYSTS; or is part of a genetic condition (e.g., ALEXANDER DISEASE; SOTOS SYNDROME).
Neurologic disorders occurring in children following lead exposure. The most frequent manifestation of childhood lead toxicity is an encephalopathy associated with chronic ingestion of lead that usually presents between the ages of 1 and 3 years. Clinical manifestations include behavioral changes followed by lethargy; CONVULSIONS; HALLUCINATIONS; DELIRIUM; ATAXIA; and vomiting. Elevated intracranial pressure (HYPERTENSION, INTRACRANIAL) and CEREBRAL EDEMA may occur. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1210-2)
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...