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Non-epileptic paroxysmal disorders (PNED) are defined as events that mimic epileptic seizures. Its onset is usually sudden and short-lived, caused by brain dysfunction of various origins, but not due to excessive neuronal firing. Its incidence is higher than the epilepsy (10:1). They can occur at any age but are most common in children, especially in the first year of life. The immature nervous system in childhood causes in this period, paroxysmal manifestations that are very diverse and different from other ages. Normal and common paroxysmal disorders in children can mimic epileptic seizures. The first step is to establish a correct diagnosis, if the clinical paroxysmal episode is a seizure or PNED. Differential diagnosis is very broad, especially in the first ages. It's necessary a complete neurological examination in case of doubt and the study should be extended with complementary exams, investigations that in most cases will be normal/negative. In some of them, a genetic basis has been shown. Treatment options are limited and most PNED untreated have a favorable outcome.
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Gastrointestinal disorders (GI) are common in autistic spectrum disorder (ASD). Infant colic (IC), the functional GI disorder of infancy, has not been evaluated in this patient group. The aim of this ...
Paroxysmal dyskinesias refer to category of abnormal involuntary movements, such as chorea, dystonia, athetosis, ballism or their various configurations. Depending on the type of seizure, sudden movem...
Non-epileptic paroxysmal disorders are frequent events in the neonate, generally transient. However, due to their intensity they can be confused as true epileptic seizures. The objective of this revie...
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most frequent peripheral vestibular disorder and is particularly seen among older patients suffering from vertigo. The brief vertigo attacks in and i...
The relationship of maternal and infant 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration [25(OH)D] with infant growth is unclear.
Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is a rare acquired clonal hematological disorder, which can cause arterial or venous thrombosis. The frequency of PNH in young patients (< 50 year...
The goals of our study are to determine a).the association between abnormal circadian BP and the development of paroxysmal AF in hypertensive patients, b).at which level of TOD, paroxysmal...
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most serious atrial electrical activity disorders, is also one of the common tachyarrhythmias.Circumferential pulmonary Vein Isolation (CPVI) is considered ...
The study will select all recruited patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation will be randomly allocated to receive oral rosuvastatin 20mg/day or blank control from 7 days before ablati...
This study is a collection of data to evaluate safety and characterize progression of Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria (PNH).
A condition characterized by the recurrence of HEMOGLOBINURIA caused by intravascular HEMOLYSIS. In cases occurring upon cold exposure (paroxysmal cold hemoglobinuria), usually after infections, there is a circulating antibody which is also a cold hemolysin. In cases occurring during or after sleep (paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria), the clonal hematopoietic stem cells exhibit a global deficiency of cell membrane proteins.
A parasomnia characterized by paroxysmal episodes of choreoathetotic, ballistic, dystonic movements, and semipurposeful activity. The episodes occur during non-rapid eye movement sleep and typically recur several times per night. (Neurology 1992 Jul;42(7 Suppl 6):61-67; Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p391)
A primary headache disorder that is similar to the CLUSTER HEADACHE with unilateral head pain, but differs by its multiple short severe attacks. It is usually seen in females, and may be responsive to non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS).
A human infant born before 37 weeks of GESTATION.
An infant born at or after 42 weeks of gestation.
Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
Alzheimer's Disease Anesthesia Anxiety Disorders Autism Bipolar Disorders Dementia Epilepsy Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Neurology Pain Parkinson's Disease Sleep Disorders Neurology is the branch of me...
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...