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In patients with focal nerve injury and neuropathic pain cutting the nerve to obtain permanent pain reduction can be considered. Surgery is indicated only if a diagnostic nerve block provides temporary pain relief. We evaluated the predictive value of a block on the outcome of surgery.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: PloS one
Peripheral nerve block is an accepted method in lower limb surgeries regarding its convenience and good tolerance by the patients. Quick performance and fast sensory and motor block are highly demande...
The inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) procedure delivers anesthetics to the pterygomandibular space through which the lingual nerve (LN) and inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) travel. Injury to the LN h...
This study was performed to compare the efficacy and comfort of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) block and the Vazirani-Akinosi (VA) nerve block when administered by dental trainees.
Hip arthroscopy is a commonly performed procedure that carries a notable risk of nerve injury secondary to port placement and the use of axial traction. Sensory neurapraxia of the pudendal nerve and t...
Fascia iliaca block or femoral nerve block is used frequently in hip fracture patients because of their opioid-sparing effects and reduction in opioid-related adverse effects. A recent anatomical stud...
This study aims to compare the sensory and motor block duration and the incidence of nerve injury after sciatic nerve block between diabetic and non-diabetic patients, and screen for the f...
Despite their reliability and efficacy for shoulder surgery analgesia, above clavicle brachial plexus blocks are related with phrenic nerve palsy and diaphragm paralysis that may not be to...
The purpose of this study is to analyse the ability to selectively block the posterior tibial nerve sparing the function of the common peritoneal nerve. To assess the efficacy of blocking...
This research is being done to compare two different saphenous nerve block locations and will help to determine which site best maintains knee strength and pain control.
56 ASA physical status II and III patients, aged 45-75 year, undergoing elective below knee amputation were randomly assigned to receive either sciatic nerve block using a popliteal approa...
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Interruption of sympathetic pathways, by local injection of an anesthetic agent, at any of four levels: peripheral nerve block, sympathetic ganglion block, extradural block, and subarachnoid block.
Traumatic injury to the abducens, or sixth, cranial nerve. Injury to this nerve results in lateral rectus muscle weakness or paralysis. The nerve may be damaged by closed or penetrating CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA or by facial trauma involving the orbit.
A clinicopathological syndrome or diagnostic term for a type of glomerular injury that has multiple causes, primary or secondary. Clinical features include PROTEINURIA, reduced GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE, and EDEMA. Kidney biopsy initially indicates focal segmental glomerular consolidation (hyalinosis) or scarring which can progress to globally sclerotic glomeruli leading to eventual KIDNEY FAILURE.
Mechanical compression of nerves or nerve roots from internal or external causes. These may result in a conduction block to nerve impulses (due to MYELIN SHEATH dysfunction) or axonal loss. The nerve and nerve sheath injuries may be caused by ISCHEMIA; INFLAMMATION; or a direct mechanical effect.
A diagnostic test is any kind of medical test performed to aid in the diagnosis or detection of disease. For example: to diagnose diseases to measure the progress or recovery from disease to confirm that a person is free from disease Clin...
Pain is defined by the International Association for the Study of Pain as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage or described in terms of such damage”. Some illnesses can be excruci...
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...