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Collagen plays a decisive role as a functional substrate in tissue engineering. In particular, the rigidity of the collagen influences the behaviour of the attached cells. Thus, modification and controlled adjustment of collagen's characteristics are essential. To this end, controlled exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light is a promising process because it can be temporally and spatially well defined. In this study, we investigated the effect of UV exposure on surface supported single collagen fibrils in situ. This procedure allowed for a direct comparison between the untreated and modified states of type I collagen. Atomic force microscopy was used to map the mechanical properties. Exposure to UV light was used to influence the mechanical properties of the fibrils in varied liquid environments (deionized water and phosphate-buffered saline (PBS)). The results led to the assumption that combined UV/thermal treatment in deionized water continuously lowers the elastic modulus. In contrast, experiments performed in PBS-based solutions in combination with UV-B and UV-C light or thermal treatment up to 45 °C suggested an increase in the modulus within the first 30-40 min that subsequently decreased again. Thus, the wavelength, exposure, temperature, and chemical environment are relevant parameters that need to be controlled when modifying collagen using UV light.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of the mechanical behavior of biomedical materials
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Scanning microscopy in which a very sharp probe is employed in close proximity to a surface, exploiting a particular surface-related property. When this property is local topography, the method is atomic force microscopy (MICROSCOPY, ATOMIC FORCE), and when it is local conductivity, the method is scanning tunneling microscopy (MICROSCOPY, SCANNING TUNNELING).
A type of scanning probe microscopy in which a probe systematically rides across the surface of a sample being scanned in a raster pattern. The vertical position is recorded as a spring attached to the probe rises and falls in response to peaks and valleys on the surface. These deflections produce a topographic map of the sample.
The properties and processes of materials that affect their behavior under force.
Nanometer-sized tubes composed mainly of CARBON. Such nanotubes are used as probes for high-resolution structural and chemical imaging of biomolecules with ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPY.
Non-invasive imaging methods based on the mechanical response of an object to a vibrational or impulsive force. It is used for determining the viscoelastic properties of tissue, and thereby differentiating soft from hard inclusions in tissue such as microcalcifications, and some cancer lesions. Most techniques use ultrasound to create the images - eliciting the response with an ultrasonic radiation force and/or recording displacements of the tissue by Doppler ultrasonography.