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Three ceramic MBRs (CMBR) installed with varied electrodes, i.e. Cu, Ti and Fe, were operated in parallel under the minute electric field to evaluate their suppression effect on membrane fouling, by comparison with control CMBR. Fe-CMBR released Fe continuously to induce a higher organic removal efficiency and a smooth fouling rate. There was significant electric-flocculation effect in the Fe-CMBR, reflected by the increased sludge particle size and zeta potential, and to improve sludge filterability. Application of minute electric field could also affect the CMBR supernatant organic content and components, which was another reason for fouling mitigation. The formed membrane fouling layer was more easily to be detached by simple backwashing in all electric CMBRs, since that there were significant electric repulsive force to prevent foulants deposition.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Bioresource technology
This paper investigated a strategy to minimize membrane fouling and increase treatment efficiency through an investigation of a specific approach by adding sponges into a conventional submerged anaero...
Formation process and fouling characteristics of the dynamic membrane were studied in a modified self-forming dynamic membrane bioreactor (SF-DMBR) for recovering the organic matters in wastewater, an...
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Fundus autofluorescence (FAF) at the macula originates from hyperfluorescence from retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and blockage of hyperfluorescence by macular pigment. Investigators eval...
A gelatinous membrane overlying the acoustic maculae of SACCULE AND UTRICLE. It contains minute crystalline particles (otoliths) of CALCIUM CARBONATE and protein on its outer surface. In response to head movement, the otoliths shift causing distortion of the vestibular hair cells which transduce nerve signals to the BRAIN for interpretation of equilibrium.
A member of the vesicle-associated membrane protein family involved in the MEMBRANE FUSION of TRANSPORT VESICLES to their target membrane.
The entering of cells by viruses following VIRUS ATTACHMENT. This is achieved by ENDOCYTOSIS, by direct MEMBRANE FUSION of the viral membrane with the CELL MEMBRANE, or by translocation of the whole virus across the cell membrane.
An abundant lysosomal-associated membrane protein that has been found to shuttle between LYSOSOMES; ENDOSOMES; and the PLASMA MEMBRANE. Loss of expression of lysosomal-associated membrane protein 2 is associated with GLYCOGEN STORAGE DISEASE TYPE IIB.
The voltage differences across a membrane. For cellular membranes they are computed by subtracting the voltage measured outside the membrane from the voltage measured inside the membrane. They result from differences of inside versus outside concentration of potassium, sodium, chloride, and other ions across cells' or ORGANELLES membranes. For excitable cells, the resting membrane potentials range between -30 and -100 millivolts. Physical, chemical, or electrical stimuli can make a membrane potential more negative (hyperpolarization), or less negative (depolarization).